Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: an overview
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Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) primarily caused by human papillomas virus is a rare and benign neoplasm, primarily involving the epithelium mucosae of the respiratory tract. RRP may occur anywhere in the respiratory tract with a predilection to the laryngeal area and may potentially threaten life. Because of the absence of specific clinical manifestations, the diagnosis of this disease is easily delayed. The high awareness of RRP and performing endoscopy as soon as possible in suspected patients are the prerequisites for early diagnosis. Surgical removal on endoscope is still a fundamental treatment. Adjuvant treatment is required only in some patients. Because of the potential of malignant transformation and recurrence, careful follow-up for RRP is required for early detection and treatment.