Helicobacter pylori is associated with the development of ulceration and gastric cancer. Recently, a novel virulence factor, duodenal ulcer promoting gene A (dupA), has been identified and found to associate with disease in some populations but not others. We investigated the relationship of dupA genotypes and H. pylori-related clinical outcomes by meta-analysis using previous reports of 2,358 patients from around the world. dupA-positive genotypes was found in 48% and was associated with duodenal ulcer (p = 0.001, odds ratio [OR] = 1.4, confidence interval [CI] = 1.1–1.7). The prevalence of dupA-positivity and its association with disease differed among the various regions around the world. In South America, the highest prevalence was recorded (Colombia and Brazil) and a significant relationship was found between dupA-negative strains and both gastric ulcer (GU) and gastric cancer (GC) (for GU, p = 0.001, OR = 0.2, CI = 0.1–0.4 and for GC, p = 0.001, OR = 0.3, CI = 0.2–0.6). In China, a significant correlation between dupA-positive strains and GU (p = 0.001, OR = 5.5, CI = 2.4–12.4) and GC (p = 0.009, OR = 2, Cl = 1.1–3.1) was found. To conclude, dupA promotes duodenal ulceration in some populations and GU and GC in others. This is typical of other virulence factors, such as cagA. Hence, it was concluded that the H. pylori virulence factor, dupA, is a true virulence factor.
Gastric Cancer Virulence Factor Duodenal Ulcer Gastric Ulcer cagA
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