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Distribution of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica in China

  • X. Wang
  • Z. Cui
  • D. Jin
  • L. Tang
  • S. Xia
  • H. Wang
  • Y. Xiao
  • H. Qiu
  • Q. Hao
  • B. Kan
  • J. Xu
  • H. JingEmail author
Article

Abstract

Yersinia enterocolitica (1,295 strains) was isolated from diarrhea patients, livestock, poultry, wild animals, insect vectors, food, and the environment. They were studied for epidemiology distribution using bacterial biochemical metabolism tests, their virulence genes, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) sub-typing. The data showed that 416 of the 1,295 strains were pathogenic, where the pathogenic Chinese isolates were of serotypes O:3 and O:9. These two serotypes were found in livestock and poultry, with swine serving as the major reservoir. The geographic distribution of pathogenic isolates was significantly different, where most of the strains were isolated from the cold northern areas, whereas some serotype O:3 strains were recovered from the warm southern areas. By the analysis of the data of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, we find the phenomenon of ‘concentric circle distribution’ around animal reservoirs and human habitation. The clustering of PFGE showed that the patterns of the pathogenic strains isolated from diarrhea patients were identical compared to those from the animals in the same area, thus, suggesting that the human infection originated from the animals.

Keywords

Henan Province Pathogenic Strain Yersinia Enterocolitica Pathogenic Isolate PFGE Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Dr. Jim Nelson for his critical reading of our manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • X. Wang
    • 1
  • Z. Cui
    • 1
  • D. Jin
    • 1
  • L. Tang
    • 2
  • S. Xia
    • 3
  • H. Wang
    • 4
  • Y. Xiao
    • 1
  • H. Qiu
    • 1
  • Q. Hao
    • 5
  • B. Kan
    • 1
  • J. Xu
    • 1
  • H. Jing
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.National Institute for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and PreventionState Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and ControlChangpingChina
  2. 2.National Institute for Viral Disease Control and PreventionChinese Center for Disease Control and PreventionBeijingChina
  3. 3.Henan Provincial Centre for Disease Control and PreventionZhengzhouChina
  4. 4.Jiangsu Provincial Centre for Disease Control and PreventionNanjingChina
  5. 5.Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region Centre for Disease Control and PreventionYinchuanChina

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