Prevalence and genetic relatedness of community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Israel

  • G. Regev-Yochay
  • Y. Carmeli
  • M. Raz
  • E. Pinco
  • J. Etienne
  • A. Leavitt
  • E. Rubinstein
  • S. Navon-Venezia
Concise Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10096-006-0210-3

Cite this article as:
Regev-Yochay, G., Carmeli, Y., Raz, M. et al. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis (2006) 25: 719. doi:10.1007/s10096-006-0210-3

Abstract

The aims of the study presented here were to determine the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus carriage and, specifically, community-acquired methicillin-resistant S. aureus (CA-MRSA) carriage in children and their parents in Israel and to determine the genetic relatedness of these isolates. S. aureus was isolated from 580 of 3,373 (17.2%) individuals screened. The predominant type identified by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was strain ST45-MSSA (25%). Five MRSA isolates were detected, and two of these were classified as CA-MRSA, based on the following criteria: no previous contact with a healthcare facility, absence of a multidrug-resistant (MDR) phenotype, and presence of SCCmec type IV. Isolates were negative for pvl and were classified as ST-45-MRSA. Although CA-MRSA is still rare in Israel, the genetic relatedness of the strains found in this study to a successful MSSA clone warrants close follow up.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Regev-Yochay
    • 1
    • 2
    • 6
  • Y. Carmeli
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. Raz
    • 4
  • E. Pinco
    • 4
  • J. Etienne
    • 5
  • A. Leavitt
    • 3
  • E. Rubinstein
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Navon-Venezia
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Infectious Diseases UnitSheba Medical CenterRamat-GanIsrael
  2. 2.Sackler Medical SchoolTel-Aviv UniversityTel-AvivIsrael
  3. 3.Division of Epidemiology and Laboratory for Molecular Epidemiology and Antimicrobial ResearchTel Aviv Medical CenterTel-AvivIsrael
  4. 4.Maccabi Healthcare ServicesRishon-LezionIsrael
  5. 5.Faculte de Medecine LaennecINSERM E0230LyonFrance
  6. 6.Department of EpidemiologyHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA

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