Prevalence of Four Species of Borrelia burgdorferi Sensu Lato and Coinfection with Anaplasma phagocytophila in Ixodes ricinus Ticks in Central Germany

  • A. Hildebrandt
  • K. H. Schmidt
  • B. Wilske
  • W. Dorn
  • E. Straube
  • V. Fingerle
Concise Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10096-003-0926-2

Cite this article as:
Hildebrandt, A., Schmidt, K.H., Wilske, B. et al. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis (2003) 22: 364. doi:10.1007/s10096-003-0926-2

Abstract

A total of 305 Ixodes ricinus ticks collected from three areas of Thuringia in central Germany were investigated for infection with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato species and Anaplasma phagocytophila. Overall, 11.1% were infected with Borrelia burgdorferi and 2.3% with Anaplasma phagocytophila. Adult ticks showed a significantly higher rate of infection with both borreliae and Anaplasma phagocytophila. Borrelia garinii (55.9%) was detected most frequently, followed by Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto (32.4%), Borrelia afzelii (17.6%), and Borrelia valaisiana (5.9%). Four ticks had dual infection with Borrelia garinii and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto. Two of the Borrelia-positive ticks were coinfected with Anaplasma phagocytophila.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Hildebrandt
    • 1
  • K. H. Schmidt
    • 1
  • B. Wilske
    • 3
  • W. Dorn
    • 2
  • E. Straube
    • 1
  • V. Fingerle
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Medical MicrobiologyFriedrich-Schiller-UniversityJenaGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Nutritional SciencesFriedrich-Schiller-UniversityJenaGermany
  3. 3.National Reference Center for Borreliae, Max-von-Pettenkofer-InstituteLudwig-Maximilian-UniversityMunichGermany

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