, Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 455–470 | Cite as

Aitken’s method for estimating bilinear forms arising in applications

  • Paraskevi Fika
  • Marilena MitrouliEmail author


In the present work we study how the Aitken’s method can be applied to the sequence of moments \(\{c_k=(x, A^{k}x),~k \in {\mathbb {Z}}\},\) of a given symmetric positive definite matrix \(A \in {\mathbb {R}}^{p \times p},\) for the prediction of possible unknown terms of this sequence. Direct estimation of \(c_k\) leads to approximating bilinear quantities i.e. \((y, A^{k}x)\) as well. By employing Taylor series expansion for appropriate f,  prediction of \(y^Tf(A)x\) can be achieved. Estimates for many useful linear algebra quantities can be derived by appropriately selecting the vectors y and x. Numerical examples concerning such applications are presented. The estimates are illustrated through numerical examples executed on the high-performance computing system ARIS.


Prediction Aitken’s process Moments Bilinear form 

Mathematics Subject Classification

65F15 65F30 65B05 15A63 



The authors would like to thank the reviewers of this paper for their helpful comments that resulted in improving the presentation of the manuscript. Also, the authors are thankful to Prof. Claude Brezinski for constructive discussions and for bringing [6] to their attention. Sincere thanks also to Prof. Giuseppe Rodriguez for providing them with the adjacency matrices tested in numerical examples, that represent real-world networks. In addition, the authors acknowledge GRNET S.A. for awarding them access to the Greek national high performance systems, ARIS. This research is being funded by the Department of Mathematics and the Social Account of Research Grants of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Code Number 70/3/13297.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsNational and Kapodistrian University of AthensAthensGreece

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