Journal of Wood Science

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 220–224 | Cite as

A novel control strategy for dry-wood termite Incisitermes minor infestation using a bait system

  • Yuliati IndrayaniEmail author
  • Tsuyoshi Yoshimura
  • Yuji Imamura
Original Article


Three types of experiments were designed to evaluate the performance of a bait system intended to control Incisitermes minor (Hagen). In the first type of experiment, Type I, the effectiveness of the bait in a small wood specimen was evaluated. In the second type, Type II, the bait effectiveness was evaluated in a larger wood specimen. Feeding arena lumber with artificial galleries was prepared for the Type III experiment so that the response of the insects to the gel could be observed. In general, the average percentage of termites that died after being exposed to the gel formulation in all three types of experiment was more than 60%, and in the gel control the average percentage of live termites was more than 95% in Types I and III, and more than 75% in Type II. These results suggest that the gel bait system used in this study has the potential to eliminate I. minor colonies. Further investigation will be necessary to increase the reliability of the bait system as a control measure against dry-wood termites.

Key words

Control strategy Bait system Dry-wood termite Incisitermes minor (Hagen) 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Lewis VR, Harverty MI (1996) Evaluation of six techniques for control of the western drywood termite (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) in structures. J Econ Entomol 89:922–934CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Su NY, Scheffrahn RH (2000) Termites as pests of buildings. In: Abe T, Bignell DE, Higash M (eds) Termites: evolution, sociality, symbioses, ecology. Kluwer, London, pp 437–453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Su NY (1994) Field evaluation of hexaflumuron bait for population suppression of subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). J Econ Entomol 87:389–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Su NY, Scheffrahn RH (1993) Laboratory evaluation of two chitin synthesis inhibitors, hexaflumuron and diflubenzuron, as bait toxicants against the Formosan subterranean termite and eastern subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). J Econ Entomol 86:1453–1457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Su NY, Scheffrahn RH (1996) Comparative effects of two chitin synthesis inhibitors, hexaflumuron and lufenuron, in a bait matrix against subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). J Econ Entomol 89:1156–1160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Su NY, Tamashiro M, Yates JR (1982) Trials on the field control of the Formosan subterranean termite with Amdro bait. International Research Group on Wood Preservation, Document No. IRG/WP/1163Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Su NY, Scheffrahn RH, Ban PM (1995) Effects of sulfluramid-treated bait blocks on field colonies of the Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). J Econ Entomol 88:1343–1348CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Su NY, Ban PM, Scheffrahn RH (1997) Remedial baiting with hexaflumuron in above-ground stations to control structure-infesting populations of the Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). J Econ Entomol 90:809–817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Su NY, Thomas JD, Scheffrahn RH (1998) Elimination of subterranean termite populations from the Statue of Liberty National Monument using a bait matrix containing an insect growth regulator, hexaflumuron. J Am Inst Conserv 37:282–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tsunoda K, Matsuoka H, Yoshimura T (1997) Colony elimination of Reticulitermes speratus by bait application and the effect on foraging territory. J Econ Entomol 91:1383–1386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Su NY, Scheffrahn RH (1990) Economically important termites in the United States and their control. Sociobiology 17:77–94Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cabrera BJ, Rust MK (2000) Behavioral responses to heat in artificial galleries by the Western drywood termite (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae). J Agric Urban Entomol 17:157–171Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Indrayani Y, Yoshimura T, Yanase Y, Imamura Y (2006) Feeding responses of the western dry-wood termite Incisitermes minor (Hagen) (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) against ten commercial timbers. J Wood Sci 53:239–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cabrera BJ, Rust MK (1999) Caste differences in feeding and trophallaxis in the western drywood termite, Incisitermes minor (Hagen) (Isoptera, Kalotermitidae). Insect Soc 46:244–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    McMahan EA (1969) Feeding relationship and radioactive techniques. In: Krishna K, Weesner FM (eds) Biology of termites. Academic, New York, pp 387–406CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Japan Wood Research Society 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuliati Indrayani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tsuyoshi Yoshimura
    • 1
  • Yuji Imamura
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute for Sustainable HumanosphereKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

Personalised recommendations