Journal of Wood Science

, 53:520

Lignin characteristics of peculiar vascular plants

  • Zhenfu Jin
  • Shunliu Shao
  • Kyoko S. Katsumata
  • Kenji Iiyama

DOI: 10.1007/s10086-007-0891-y

Cite this article as:
Jin, Z., Shao, S., Katsumata, K.S. et al. J Wood Sci (2007) 53: 520. doi:10.1007/s10086-007-0891-y


Trochodendron aralioides Sieb. et Zucc. and Chloranthus glaber (Thunb.) Makino [Sarcandra globra (Thunb.) Nakai] belong to primitive angiosperms, and are characterized by the absence of vessels. Ephedra sinica Stapf, which is classified in the gymnosperms, contains vessel elements and fiber together with tracheids. Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb. Ex Murray) D. Don var. macrophyllus is reported to give a weak positive Mäule test, although it is classified as a gymnosperm. Podocarpus macrophyllus gave only vanillin on alkaline nitrobenzene oxidation, while E. sinica, T. aralioides, and C. glaber gave both vanillin and syringaldehyde. The molar ratio of syringyl to guaiacyl nuclei (S/V ratio) of C. glaber was significantly low (S/V = 0.08) in comparison with the value for T. aralioides (S/V = 1.56). The erythro form is the predominant diasteromeric form of β-O-4 intermonomer linkages of T. aralioides and E. sinica [molar ratio of erythro to threo forms (E/T ratio): 1.93 and 1.67, respectively]; however, P. macrophyllus and C. glaber lignins, of which S/V ratios were 0 and 0.08, gave approximately equal amounts of erythro and threo forms (E/T ratio: 1.01 and 1.14). Results from 1H NMR spectroscopy agree well with S/V ratios of alkaline nitrobenzene oxidation and E/T ratios of ozonation products. In conclusion differences in guaiacyl lignin and guaiacyl-syringyl lignin do not exactly reflect taxonomical differences, as reported in previous articles. It was found that guaiacyl-syringyl lignin is not necessarily linked to the presence of vessels.

Key words

Primitive vascular plants Tracheids Vessels Lignin characteristics 

Copyright information

© The Japan Wood Research Society 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhenfu Jin
    • 1
  • Shunliu Shao
    • 2
  • Kyoko S. Katsumata
    • 3
  • Kenji Iiyama
    • 4
  1. 1.School of EngineeringZhejiang Forestry UniversityZhejiangChina
  2. 2.Institute of EcologyZhejiang Forestry AcademyZhejiangChina
  3. 3.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciencethe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Asian Natural Environmental Science Centerthe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Japan International Research Center for Agricultural SciencesTsukubaJapan

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