Journal of Wood Science

, Volume 52, Issue 6, pp 522–526

Essential oil from the leaves of Cryptomeria japonica acts as a silverfish (Lepisma saccharina) repellent and insecticide

  • Sheng-Yang Wang
  • Wan-Chi Lai
  • Fang-Hua Chu
  • Chien-Tsong Lin
  • Shi-Yen Shen
  • Shang-Tzen Chang
Original Article

Abstract

This is the first article to report the evaluation of a natural product used as an antisilverfish agent. Silverfish (Lepisma saccharina), primitive wingless insects, feed on a variety of materials, including paper, cotton, starch, and cereals. They can be a problem in libraries and other places where books, documents, and papers are stored. In this pilot study, the essential oil from leaves of Cryptomeria japonica was investigated to test its properties as a silverfish repellent and insecticide. The results from a repellency bioassay show that the essential oil significantly repelled silverfish. The repellent activity was 80% at a dosage of 0.01 mg/cm3. When silverfish were exposed to a concentration of 0.16 mg/cm3 of essential oil, they were killed within 10h. The chemical composition of essential oil, the emissions from a test chamber, and the residue left on filter papers previously soaked with the essential oil in a chamber were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The components of the essential oil were found to be: elemol (18.22%), 16-kaurene (11.63%), 3-carene (9.66%), sabinene (9.37%), 4-terpineol (9.06%), β-eudesmol (5.70%), α-pinene (5.62%), and limonene (5.26%). Only some constituents of the essential oil compounds collected by solid-phase microextraction were found to be emitted in the test chamber. The main constituents were: 3-carene (21.03%), p-cymene (10.95%), limonene (9.49%), β-myrcene (9.39%), γ-terpinene (9.10%), α-terpinene (8.57%), and 4-terpineol (7.97%).

Key words

Silverfish (Lepisma saccharinaRepellency Insecticide Cryptomeria japonica Essential oil 

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Copyright information

© The Japan Wood Research Society 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sheng-Yang Wang
    • 1
  • Wan-Chi Lai
    • 1
  • Fang-Hua Chu
    • 2
  • Chien-Tsong Lin
    • 1
  • Shi-Yen Shen
    • 1
  • Shang-Tzen Chang
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ForestryNational Chung-Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of ForestryNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

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