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Neurological Sciences

, Volume 39, Issue 12, pp 2135–2139 | Cite as

Serum NT-pro CNP levels in epileptic seizure, psychogenic non-epileptic seizure, and healthy subjects

  • Mustafa Ceylan
  • Ahmet Yalcin
  • Omer Faruk Bayraktutan
  • Esra Laloglu
Original Article
  • 46 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

Epileptic seizure is the result of uncontrollable neural excitation in the brain. The C-type natriuretic peptide is a member of natriuretic peptide hormone family and is synthesized by brain and blood vessels in CNS. NT-pro CNP is an amino-terminal fragment of C-type natriuretic peptide and is more stable compared to its predecessor. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the role of NT-pro CNP in psychogenic non-epileptic seizures, epileptic seizures, and normal subjects.

Methods

Thirty-three patients with epilepsy and 43 patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures were enrolled in this study. The control group consisted of 28 healthy subjects. Post-ictal serum levels of NT-pro CNP were acquired from all participants. Statistically significant differences between patient groups and controls regarding serum levels of NT-pro CNP were sought.

Results

NT-pro CNP levels were significantly lower in the epilepsy group than the psychogenic non-epileptic seizure group and control group with no significant difference between the psychogenic non-epileptic seizure and control group (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Post-ictal serum NT-pro CNP levels were lower in epileptic seizures compared to psychogenic non-epileptic seizures as well as healthy controls. We think that such a difference is associated with C-type natriuretic peptide-related neural mechanisms such as altered microcirculation, increased brain-blood barrier permeability, and synaptic stabilization.

Keywords

Epilepsy Psychogenic non-epileptic seizure NT-pro CNP Biomarker 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia S.r.l., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Medicine, Department of NeurologyAtaturk UniversityErzurumTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Medicine, Department of RadiologyErzincan UniversityErzincanTurkey
  3. 3.Section of NeurologyRegional Education and Research HospitalErzurumTurkey
  4. 4.Department of BiochemistryErzurum Public Health LaboratoryErzurumTurkey

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