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Neurological Sciences

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 451–458 | Cite as

The role of deep breathing on stress

  • Valentina Perciavalle
  • Marta Blandini
  • Paola Fecarotta
  • Andrea Buscemi
  • Donatella Di Corrado
  • Luana Bertolo
  • Fulvia Fichera
  • Marinella CocoEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

The objective of this study was to verify, in a sample of university students, whether a relaxing technique called deep breathing (stress Intervention Functional IFA) is capable to improve the mood and to reduce the levels of stress. Thirty-eight adult healthy subjects (aged between 18 and 28 years) volunteered the study. They were randomly divided in two groups, the Experimental Group (N = 19) and the Control Group (N = 19). The subjects of the Experimental Group were submitted, once per week, to 10 treatment’s sessions of Anti-stress Protocol, each lasting 90 min, whereas subjects of the Control Group sat ten times for 90 min, once per week, without practicing any treatment. The psychological state of mood and stress was evaluated using Measurement of Psychological Stress (MSP) and Profile of Mood State (POMS), while the biological profile of the stress was detected by measuring the heart rate and the salivary cortisol. The results obtained from the present research support the possibility that deep breathing technique is capable to induce an effective improvement in mood and stress both in terms of self-reported evaluations (MPS and POMS) and of objective parameters, such as heart rate and salivary cortisol levels. No statistically significant difference was found between men and women.

Keywords

Deep breathing Stress Cortisol Emotion 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors report no conflicts of interest. The authors alone are responsible for the content and writing of the paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valentina Perciavalle
    • 1
  • Marta Blandini
    • 2
  • Paola Fecarotta
    • 3
  • Andrea Buscemi
    • 2
  • Donatella Di Corrado
    • 4
  • Luana Bertolo
    • 2
  • Fulvia Fichera
    • 2
  • Marinella Coco
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Sciences of FormationUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological SciencesUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly
  3. 3.Functional Psychotherapy Center of CataniaCataniaItaly
  4. 4.Faculty of Human and Social SciencesUniversity “Kore” of EnnaEnnaItaly

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