Neurological Sciences

, Volume 37, Issue 10, pp 1713–1721 | Cite as

Italian normative data for a stroke specific cognitive screening tool: the Oxford Cognitive Screen (OCS)

  • M. Mancuso
  • V. Varalta
  • L. Sardella
  • D. Capitani
  • P. Zoccolotti
  • G. Antonucci
  • the Italian OCS Group
Original Article


Cognitive deficits occur in most stroke patients and cognitive impairment is an important predictor of adverse long term outcome. However, current screening measures, such as the Mini Mental State Examination or the Montreal Cognitive Assessment, do not provide information tuned for evaluating the impact of cognitive impairment in the early phase after stroke. The Oxford Cognitive Screen (OCS) represents an important new development in this regard. The OCS is now available for assessment of Italian individuals and the aim of this study is to standardize the OCS on a large sample of healthy Italian participants stratified for age, gender and education level. Results confirmed the influence of these factors in several of the OCS tasks. Age-, education- and gender-adjusted norms are provided for the ten sub-tests of the test. The availability of normative data represents an important prerequite for the reliable use of OCS with stroke patients.


Stroke Cognitive assessment Oxford Cognitive Screen Normative data Aphasia Neglect 



We would like to thank late Professor Glyn Humphreys for his inspiration.

The Italian OCS Group: L. Abbruzzese, Rehabilitation Center, Terranuova Bracciolini, Arezzo, Italy; C. Fonte, Department of Neuroscience Biomedicine and Movement, Neuromotor and Cognitive Rehabilitation Research Center, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; G. V. La Monica, Department of Neuroscience Biomedicine and Movement, Neuromotor and Cognitive Rehabilitation Research Center, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; F. Meneghello, Department Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, Foundation Hospital San Camillo, Venice, Italy; M. Pallotta, Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy; Neuropsychology Centre, IRCCS Santa Lucia Foundation, Rome, Italy; F. Pirrotta, Rehabilitation Center, Terranuova Bracciolini, Arezzo, Italy; N. Smania, Department of Neuroscience Biomedicine and Movement, Neuromotor and Cognitive Rehabilitation Research Center, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

Supplementary material

10072_2016_2650_MOESM1_ESM.docx (96 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 95 kb)
10072_2016_2650_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (16 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLSX 16 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Mancuso
    • 1
  • V. Varalta
    • 2
  • L. Sardella
    • 1
  • D. Capitani
    • 3
  • P. Zoccolotti
    • 4
    • 5
  • G. Antonucci
    • 4
    • 5
  • the Italian OCS Group
  1. 1.Rehabilitation CenterTerranuova BraccioliniItaly
  2. 2.Department of Neuroscience Biomedicine and Movement, Neuromotor and Cognitive Rehabilitation Research CenterUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  3. 3.ESTAR Sud Est, ICT-DepartmentGrossetoItaly
  4. 4.Department of PsychologySapienza University of RomeRomeItaly
  5. 5.Neuropsychology CentreIRCCS Santa Lucia FoundationRomeItaly

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