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Neurological Sciences

, Volume 37, Issue 11, pp 1765–1771 | Cite as

The interplay of microRNAs and post-ischemic glutamate excitotoxicity: an emergent research field in stroke medicine

  • Alireza Majdi
  • Javad Mahmoudi
  • Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad
  • Mehdi Farhoudi
  • Siamak Sandoghchian Shotorbani
Review Article

Abstract

Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the most common cause of adult disabilities among elderlies. It involves a complex series of mechanisms among which, excitotoxicity is of great importance. Also, miRNAs appear to play role in post-stroke excitotoxicity, and changes in their transcriptome occur right after cerebral ischemia. Recent data indicate that specific miRNAs such as miRNA-223, miRNA-181, miRNA-125a, miRNA-125b, miRNA-1000, miRNA-132 and miRNA-124a regulate glutamate neurotransmission and excitotoxicity during stroke. However, limitations such as poor in vivo stability, side effects and inappropriate biodistribution in miRNA-based therapies still exist and should be overcome before clinical application. Thence, investigation of the effect of application of these miRNAs after the onset of ischemia is a pivotal step for manipulating these miRNAs in clinical use. Given this, present review concentrates on miRNAs roles in post-ischemic stroke excitotoxicity.

Keywords

Ischemic stroke Glutamate excitotoxicity MicroRNA NMDA receptors AMPA receptors 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to extend our sincerest thanks and appreciation to the director of Neurosciences Research Center (NSRC) Professor Mehdi Farhoudi who helped us accomplish this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alireza Majdi
    • 1
  • Javad Mahmoudi
    • 1
  • Saeed Sadigh-Eteghad
    • 1
  • Mehdi Farhoudi
    • 1
  • Siamak Sandoghchian Shotorbani
    • 2
  1. 1.Neurosciences Research Center (NSRC)Tabriz University of Medical SciencesTabrizIran
  2. 2.Department of Immunology, Tabriz BranchIslamic Azad UniversityTabrizIran

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