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Neurological Sciences

, Volume 37, Issue 8, pp 1293–1298 | Cite as

Correlation between muscle electrophysiology and strength after fibular nerve injury

  • Yu Hui Won
  • Kang-Won Kim
  • Jun Tak Choi
  • Myoung-Hwan Ko
  • Sung-Hee Park
  • Jeong-Hwan SeoEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Muscle strength measurement is important when evaluating the degree of impairment in patients with nerve injury. However, accurate and objective evaluation may be difficult in patients with severe pain or those who intentionally try to avoid full exertion. We investigated the usefulness of the affected-to-unaffected side electrophysiological parameter ratios as a measure of objective ankle dorsiflexion (ADF) strength in patients with unilateral fibular nerve injury (FNI). ADF strength was measured in patients with FNI via handheld dynamometer and manual muscle test (MMT). Fibular nerve compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude and latency and ADF strength of the affected side were presented as ratios to the corresponding measurements of the unaffected side. We analysed the correlation of the CMAP ratio with the ADF strength ratio using a dynamometer and compared the CMAP ratios according to MMT grade. Fifty-two patients with FNI were enrolled. The mean CMAP latency ratio did not differ between MMT groups (p = 0.573). The CMAP amplitude ratio proportionally increased with the quantified ADF strength ratio via dynamometer increase (ρ = 0.790; p < 0.001), but the CMAP latency ratio and the quantified ADF strength ratio did not significantly correlate (ρ = 0.052; p = 0.713). The average CMAP amplitude ratio significantly differed between MMT groups (p < 0.001), and post hoc tests showed significant differences in all paired comparisons except of Fair and Good grades (p = 0.064). Electrophysiological parameter ratio, such as the affected-to-unaffected side CMAP amplitude ratio, might be sensitive parameters for ADF power estimation after FNI.

Keywords

Electrophysiological parameters Fibular nerve injury Muscle strength Manual muscle test Compound muscle action potential 

Abbreviations

ADF

Ankle dorsiflexion

CMAP

Compound muscle action potential

FNI

Fibular nerve injury

MMT

Manual muscle test

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was supported by the “Research Base Construction Fund Support Program”, which was funded by Chonbuk National University in 2014. This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HI15C1529)

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yu Hui Won
    • 1
  • Kang-Won Kim
    • 1
  • Jun Tak Choi
    • 1
  • Myoung-Hwan Ko
    • 1
  • Sung-Hee Park
    • 1
  • Jeong-Hwan Seo
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationResearch Institute of Clinical Medicine of Chonbuk National University-Biomedical Research Institute of Chonbuk National University HospitalJeonjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Chonbuk National University Medical School and HospitalJeonjuRepublic of Korea

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