Stem cell to be a new intervention for treating intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) might benefit humans. Therefore, we collected animal studies to find the effect of this innovative treatment. In July 2014, we searched Medline (from 1950), Embase (from 1980), China Biology Medicine disk (from 1978) for studies on stem cells used for treating experimental ICH in animal models that reported neurobehavioral and structural outcome. We evaluated the quality of these studies and used a weighted mean difference random affects model for the meta-analysis. We have collected 30 studies from 650 publications identified through systematic review describing the effects of 5 different type of stem cells on 12 different neurobehavioral scales with 1101 rodents or monkeys. Although there is lack of uniformity of the evaluation methods, these researches showed consistent improvements both in neurobehavioral function and structural outcomes. Besides, the quality of these studies needs to be raised. In conclusion, stem cells hold extensive potential in treating ICH, which should be further evaluated with more evidence-based, high-quality animal studies.
Meta-analysis Stem cells Intracerebral hemorrhage
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This work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 81070920 and 81471158 to Y. Xu; Grant no. 81301007 to J.Qin) and performed in Institute of Clinical Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no competing financial interests.
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