Neurological Sciences

, Volume 34, Issue 10, pp 1797–1803 | Cite as

Mini mental Parkinson test: standardization and normative data on an Italian sample

  • Alberto CostaEmail author
  • Eriola Bagoj
  • Marco Monaco
  • Silvia Zabberoni
  • Salvatore De Rosa
  • Ciro Mundi
  • Carlo Caltagirone
  • Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo
Original Article


The mini mental Parkinson (MMP) is a test built to overcome the limits of the mini mental state examination (MMSE) in the short-time screening of cognitive disorders in individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD). In fact, in this scale, items tapping executive functioning are included to better capture PD-related cognitive changes. Some data sustain the sensitivity and validity of the MMP in the short neuropsychological screening of these individuals. Here, we report normative data on the MMP we collected on a sample of 307 Italian healthy subjects ranging from 40 to 91 years. The results document a detrimental effect of age and an ameliorative effect of education on the MMP total performance score. We provide for correction grids for age and literacy that derive from results of the regression analyses. Moreover, we also computed equivalent scores in order to allow a direct and fast comparison between the performance on the MMP and on other psychometric measures that can be administered to the subjects.


Mini mental Parkinson Parkinson’s disease Dementia Cognitive disorders Neuropsychological assessment 

Supplementary material

10072_2013_1342_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (194 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 194 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Costa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Eriola Bagoj
    • 2
  • Marco Monaco
    • 1
  • Silvia Zabberoni
    • 1
  • Salvatore De Rosa
    • 2
  • Ciro Mundi
    • 2
  • Carlo Caltagirone
    • 3
  • Giovanni Augusto Carlesimo
    • 3
  1. 1.IRCCS Fondazione Santa LuciaRomeItaly
  2. 2.Azienda Ospedaliero-Univeristaria O.O.R.R, Ospedali Riuniti FoggiaFoggiaItaly
  3. 3.IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia and Università di Roma “Tor Vergata”RomeItaly

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