Neurological Sciences

, Volume 33, Supplement 1, pp 37–41 | Cite as

Migraine: risk factor and comorbidity



The burden of migraine strongly increases considering its linkage with other psychiatric, neurological, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Migraine is positively associated with many disorders: some are confirmed by several studies whereas others remain uncertain or controversial. The association with some disorders is not simply due to concomitance but it implies a linkage in terms of causality. Highlighting these relationships is important to improve treatment strategies, broaden our knowledge of the pathophysiology and understand if migraine is per se a modifiable risk factor for some disorders.


Migraine Comorbidity Risk factor 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Giannini
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Cevoli
    • 1
    • 2
  • L. Sambati
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. Cortelli
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.IRCCS Institute of Neurological SciencesBolognaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Neurological SciencesAlma Mater Studiorum, University of BolognaBolognaItaly

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