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Neurological Sciences

, Volume 33, Issue 5, pp 1189–1191 | Cite as

Apogeotropic central positional nystagmus as a sole sign of nodular infarction

  • Hyun-Ah Kim
  • Hyon-Ah Yi
  • Hyung LeeEmail author
Case Report

Abstract

Positional vertigo and nystagmus without associated neurological symptoms and signs are characteristic features of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Although positional nystagmus may occur with caudal cerebellar infarction including the nodulus, positional nystagmus is usually associated with other neurological signs such as spontaneous or gaze-evoked nystagmus, perverted head-shaking nystagmus, cerebellar dysmetria, or severe gait ataxia with falling. We present a patient with nodular infarction who had positional vertigo with nystagmus as a sole manifestation. Video-oculography showed apogeotropic positional horizontal nystagmus during head turning while supine, which was consistent with apogeotropic BPPV involving the horizontal canal. MRI disclosed acute infarct in the nodulus. Nodulus infarction should be considered in a patient with positional nystagmus, especially when the presenting symptoms and signs are consistent with BPPV involving the horizontal canal.

Keywords

Central positional nystagmus Nodulus 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurologyKeimyung University School of MedicineDaeguSouth Korea
  2. 2.Brain Research InstituteKeimyung University School of MedicineDaeguSouth Korea

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