Neurological Sciences

, Volume 32, Supplement 1, pp 51–54 | Cite as

Sleep and primary headaches

  • Marco AguggiaEmail author
  • M. Cavallini
  • N. Divito
  • M. Ferrero
  • A. Lentini
  • V. Montano
  • M. C. Tinebra
  • M. G. Saracco
  • W. Valfrè
Migraine: Peculiar Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects


The relationship between sleep and primary headaches has been known for over a century, particularly for headaches occurring during the night or early morning. Migraine, tension-tyre headache, and cluster headache may cause sleep fragmentation, insomnia, and hypersomnia, causing considerable social and economical costs and several familial problems. By contrast, sleep disorders may themselves trigger headache attacks. Finally, headaches and sleep disorders can also be symptoms of other underlying pathologies. Despite this background, there is still no clarity about the mechanism that links these two entities and their interdependence remains to be defined. Patients with primary headache should undergo a careful assessment of sleep habits.


Sleep Headache Hypothalamus Insomnia Sleep apnea 


Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no actual or potential conflict of interest in relation to this article.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Aguggia
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Cavallini
    • 1
  • N. Divito
    • 1
  • M. Ferrero
    • 1
  • A. Lentini
    • 1
  • V. Montano
    • 1
  • M. C. Tinebra
    • 1
  • M. G. Saracco
    • 1
  • W. Valfrè
    • 1
  1. 1.Neurological DepartmentCardinal Massaja HospitalAstiItaly

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