Neurological Sciences

, Volume 32, Issue 1, pp 159–163

Co-existence of Parkinson’s disease and progressive supranuclear palsy: case report and a review of the literature

Case Report

DOI: 10.1007/s10072-010-0386-2

Cite this article as:
Abhinav, K., Marsh, L., Crain, B. et al. Neurol Sci (2011) 32: 159. doi:10.1007/s10072-010-0386-2

Abstract

Idiopathic Parkinson’s disease (PD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) are distinct clinicopathological entities characterized by α-synuclein and tau pathology, respectively. They have occasionally been reported to co-exist in the same patient. We describe a rare case of a 73-year-old Caucasian woman diagnosed as idiopathic PD 5 years before her death yet at autopsy had not only PD, but also PSP. Although this patient fulfilled clinical criteria for idiopathic PD and did not have supranuclear ophthalmoplegia, she had several atypical features, including early postural instability with falls, early dysphagia, and a relatively rapid course. In conclusion, this case and a literature review highlight the co-existence of synuclein and tau pathology in the same patient and demonstrate that multiple diagnoses may exist in patients presenting with parkinsonism. The clinical heterogeneity seen in parkinsonism may reflect the occurrence of combined pathology.

Keywords

Parkinson’s disease (PD) Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) Parkinsonism Neuropathology 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of NeurosurgeryFrenchay HospitalBristolUK
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral SciencesJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  3. 3.Department of Neurology and Neurological SciencesJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  4. 4.Department of PathologyJohns Hopkins University School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  5. 5.Department of NeurologyUniversity of Maryland School of MedicineBaltimoreUSA
  6. 6.Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Department of NeurologyBaylor College of MedicineHoustonUSA
  7. 7.Department of NeurologyUniversity of RochesterRochesterUSA
  8. 8.Clifton, BristolUK

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