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Neurological Sciences

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 423–430 | Cite as

Three-dimensional motion analysis of the effects of auditory cueing on gait pattern in patients with Parkinson’s disease: a preliminary investigation

  • Alessandro Picelli
  • Maruo Camin
  • Michele Tinazzi
  • Antonella Vangelista
  • Alessandro Cosentino
  • Antonio Fiaschi
  • Nicola SmaniaEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Auditory cueing enhances gait in parkinsonian patients. Our aim was to evaluate its effects on spatiotemporal (stride length, stride time, cadence, gait speed, single and double support duration) kinematic (range of amplitude of the hip, knee and ankle joint angles registered in the sagittal plane) and kinetic (maximal values of the hip and ankle joint power) gait parameters using three-dimensional motion analysis. Eight parkinsonian patients performed 12 walking tests: 3 repetitions of 4 conditions (normal walking, 90, 100, and 110% of the mean cadence at preferred pace cued walking). Subjects were asked to uniform their cadence to the cueing rhythm. In the presence of auditory cues stride length, cadence, gait speed and ratio single/double support duration increased. Range of motion of the ankle joint decreased and the maximal values within the pull-off phase of the hip joint power increased. Thus, auditory cues could improve gait modifying motor strategy in parkinsonian patients.

Keywords

Auditory cueing Gait Motion analysis Parkinson’s disease 

Notes

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest related to the publication of this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alessandro Picelli
    • 1
    • 2
  • Maruo Camin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michele Tinazzi
    • 2
    • 3
  • Antonella Vangelista
    • 2
    • 4
  • Alessandro Cosentino
    • 4
  • Antonio Fiaschi
    • 2
    • 5
  • Nicola Smania
    • 1
    • 2
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Neuromotor and Cognitive Rehabilitation Research CentreUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Neurological and Visual SciencesUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly
  3. 3.Neurology Unit“Maggiore” HospitalVeronaItaly
  4. 4.Rehabilitation Unit “C. Santi”Polyfunctional Centre Don CalabriaVeronaItaly
  5. 5.IRCCS, S. CamilloVeniceItaly
  6. 6.Rehabilitation Unit“G.B. Rossi” University HospitalVeronaItaly

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