Neurological Sciences

, Volume 26, Supplement 2, pp s87–s91 | Cite as

An expanded view of psychological aspects in head pain: the biopsychosocial model

  • F. AndrasikEmail author
  • H. Flor
  • D. C. Turk


Traditionally, headache has been viewed from a limited perspective, both medically and psychologically. The authors propose that a more expanded view of headache that considers each perspective as important, as embodied in the biopsychosocial model, will greatly enhance understanding and be more useful in treatment planning. This model views pain as emanating from a complex interaction of biological, psychological and social variables. This paper describes the key behavioural, affective and cognitive influences and provides pertinent supporting examples from the literature.

Key words

Biopsychosocial model Headache Atypical facial pain Affect Cognition 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Human and Machine CognitionUniversity of West FloridaPensacola, FL 32502USA
  2. 2.Department of Clinical and Cognitive NeuroscienceUniversity of Heidelberg Central Institute of Mental HealthMannheimGermany
  3. 3.Department of AnesthesiologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattle, WAUSA

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