Animal Cognition

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 503–515 | Cite as

Lemurs and macaques show similar numerical sensitivity

  • Sarah M. Jones
  • John Pearson
  • Nicholas K. DeWind
  • David Paulsen
  • Ana-Maria Tenekedjieva
  • Elizabeth M. Brannon
Original Paper

Abstract

We investigated the precision of the approximate number system (ANS) in three lemur species (Lemur catta, Eulemur mongoz, and Eulemur macaco flavifrons), one Old World monkey species (Macaca mulatta) and humans (Homo sapiens). In Experiment 1, four individuals of each nonhuman primate species were trained to select the numerically larger of two visual arrays on a touchscreen. We estimated numerical acuity by modeling Weber fractions (w) and found quantitatively equivalent performance among all four nonhuman primate species. In Experiment 2, we tested adult humans in a similar procedure, and they outperformed the four nonhuman species but showed qualitatively similar performance. These results indicate that the ANS is conserved over the primate order.

Keywords

Nonhuman primates Numerical cognition Comparative psychology Number discrimination Weber fraction Prosimians 

Supplementary material

10071_2013_682_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (215 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 214 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah M. Jones
    • 1
    • 5
  • John Pearson
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Nicholas K. DeWind
    • 2
    • 3
  • David Paulsen
    • 1
  • Ana-Maria Tenekedjieva
    • 2
  • Elizabeth M. Brannon
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Psychology and NeuroscienceDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Center for Cognitive NeuroscienceDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  3. 3.Department of NeurobiologyDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  4. 4.Division of NeurosurgeryDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  5. 5.Psychology DepartmentSt. Norbert CollegeDe PereUSA

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