Effect of nixtamalization processes on mitigation of acrylamide formation in tortilla chips

  • Alfonso Topete-Betancourt
  • Juan de Dios Figueroa CárdenasEmail author
  • Adriana Lizbeth Rodríguez-Lino
  • Elvira Ríos-Leal
  • Eduardo Morales-Sánchez
  • Héctor Eduardo Martínez-Flores


Acrylamide can be generated from food components during tortilla chips frying. Thus, the aim of this research was to study different nixtamalization processes as traditional (TNP) with lime [Ca(OH)2], ecological (ENP) with CaCO3, classic nixtamalization (CNP) that uses wood ash and extrusion (EXT) with no Ca+2 source on mitigating the acrylamide formation in deep-fat frying tortilla chips. Acrylamide quantification was done through HPLC–UV. Lower acrylamide content in tortilla chips was for CNP with 46.3 µg/kg, followed by TNP with 55.0 µg/kg, ENP with 694.6 µg/kg and EXP with 1443.4 µg/kg. Differences in acrylamide values among samples can be related to effect of cations (Ca2+, Mg2+, Fe2+, Zn2+, Na+ and K+) present in wood ashes, lime and salts used as raw materials. Correlation of (r = 0.85; p <0.0005) was observed in color of tortilla chips, moisture, texture, blisters, and oil with acrylamide. Nixtamalization process is an effective and inexpensive strategy for acrylamide mitigation.


Acrylamide Nixtamalization Tortilla chips Mono- and di-cations 



Alfonso Topete Betancourt thanks the CONACYT for the Ph.D. scholarship.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfonso Topete-Betancourt
    • 1
  • Juan de Dios Figueroa Cárdenas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Adriana Lizbeth Rodríguez-Lino
    • 2
  • Elvira Ríos-Leal
    • 3
  • Eduardo Morales-Sánchez
    • 4
  • Héctor Eduardo Martínez-Flores
    • 5
  1. 1.Cinvestav Unidad-QuerétaroQuerétaroMexico
  2. 2.BiotecnologíaUniversidad Tecnológica de MoreliaMoreliaMexico
  3. 3.Departamento de Biotecnología y BioingenieríaCINVESTAV-IPNMexico CityMexico
  4. 4.CICATA-IPN Unidad QuerétaroQuerétaroMexico
  5. 5.Facultad de Químico FarmacobiologíaUniversidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de HidalgoMoreliaMexico

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