Antihypertensive peptides from whey proteins fermented by lactic acid bacteria
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In this study, whey proteins were fermented with 34 lactic acid bacteria for 48 h at 37 °C and their ability to inhibit angiotensin 1-converting enzyme (ACE) activity were compared. All the lactic acid bacteria displayed varying proteolytic abilities in whey. Their fermentates also displayed varying abilities to inhibit ACE in vitro. Seven fermentates showed strong ACE inhibitory abilities between 84.70 ± 0.67 and 52.40 ± 2.1% with IC50 values between 19.78 ± 1.73 and 2.13 ± 0.7 mg/ml. Pediococcus acidilactici SDL1414 showed the strongest ACE inhibitory activity of 84.7 ± 0.67% (IC50 = 19.78 ± 1.73 μg/ml). Mass spectrometry revealed that more than half (57.7%) of the low molecular weight peptides (< 7 kDa) in the P. acidilactici SDL1414 fermented samples were ACE inhibitory peptides. Our results show that P. acidilactici SDL1414 could be used as a starter culture in the dairy industry to develop antihypertensive functional foods for hypertension management.
KeywordsFermentates Angiotensin1-converting enzyme Bioactive peptides
This work was funded by the Ministry of Small and Medium scale Enterprises and Startups. Grant Number C0502529. We also thank the central laboratory of Kangwon National University for their assistance in LC-MS analysis.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
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