Food Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 1219–1225 | Cite as

Evaluation of the microbiological status of raw pork meat in Korea: modification of the microbial guideline levels for meat

  • Hye-Jin Kim
  • Aera JangEmail author


This study aimed to evaluate the suitability of total aerobic plate count (APC) guidelines for raw pork (< 1 × 107 CFU/g) distributed in Korea. The APC values for raw pork collected from meat packing centers and meat shops in three provinces (Seoul/Gyeonggi, Gangwon, and Chungcheong) were reported to be ≤ 1.5 × 106 CFU/g. To evaluate practical APC guidelines for pork and meat quality, APC levels and quality traits were determined for pork under cold storage. On day 12, APC for pork was 4.3 × 106 CFU/g, which was below the guideline level, while overall acceptability scores were < 3.0, indicating that the pork was rated as not acceptable by sensory panels. Therefore, to satisfy both the microbiological safety of pork and organoleptic quality for consumer palatability, we suggest that the current APC guideline levels for pork should be lowered to 1 × 106 CFU/g.


Pork meat Microbiological guideline Sensory evaluation Total aerobic plate counts 



This work was carried out with the support of Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, Republic of Korea. Also this study was partially supported by Brain Korea 21 plus project (Human Resource Development for Next Generation Animal Life Industry with ICT-Big Data) from the Ministry of Education and Human Resources Development in Korea.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal Products and Food Science, College of Animal Life ScienceKangwon National UniversityChuncheonRepublic of Korea

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