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Food Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 435–440 | Cite as

Effects of ozone treatment on physicochemical properties of Korean wheat flour

  • Min Jung Lee
  • Mi Jeong Kim
  • Han Sub Kwak
  • Seung-Taik Lim
  • Sang Sook Kim
Article

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of ozone treatment on the physicochemical properties of Korean wheat flour. Wheat flour samples were treated with ozone gas at 120 ppm for 15, 30, 45, and 60 min. Color b value, pH, and mold of flour decreased as exposure time to ozone increased. The water absorption index, peak viscosity, and final viscosity of flour increased by ozone treatment. Photomicrographs of flour suspensions under polarized light showed granules tended to lose birefringence owing to ozone during swelling. The result of SDS-PAGE showed that the intensity of protein bands at low molecular weights slightly increased in ozone-treated flours compared to the intensity in the control flour. The results of this study showed ozone gas affected the starch and protein of wheat flour, suggesting a need for further investigation on structural changes in starch and protein by ozone.

Keywords

wheat ozone flour starch protein 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Min Jung Lee
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mi Jeong Kim
    • 1
  • Han Sub Kwak
    • 1
  • Seung-Taik Lim
    • 2
  • Sang Sook Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Group of Cognition and Sensory PerceptionKorea Food Research InstituteSeongnam, GyeonggiKorea
  2. 2.Department of Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences and BiotechnologyKorea UniversitySeoulKorea

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