Food Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 541–545 | Cite as

Heterofermentative lactic acid bacteria dominate in Korean commercial kimchi

  • Hee-Young Kim
  • Yeon-Ju Bong
  • Ji-Kang Jeong
  • Sungbum Lee
  • Byung-Yong Kim
  • Kun-Young ParkEmail author
Research Note


Lactic acid bacterial communities in kimchi prepared by representative Korean kimchi companies were investigated using a pyrosequencing method. The pH values of 9 kimchi varieties (K1-K9) ranged from 4.3 to 4.7, and total lactic acid bacterial (LAB) counts ranged from 1.3x107 to 1.6x109 CFU/g. Weissella, Lactobacillus, and Leuconostoc were the dominant genera accounting for 52, 28, and 20%, respectively, of identified genera. At the species level, Weissella koreensis (35%) dominated, followed by Lactobacillus graminis (13%), and Weissella cibaria (11%). Dominant LAB were all heterofermentative LAB. K1 had the most diverse operational taxonomic units (OTUs), and clustering analysis showed that distributions of microorganisms in K2, K6, K5, and K4 were similar each other. LAB communities in kimchi are diverse and heterofermentative LAB dominate in Korean commercial kimchi.


kimchi lactic acid bacteria heterofermentative pyrosequencing 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hee-Young Kim
    • 1
  • Yeon-Ju Bong
    • 1
  • Ji-Kang Jeong
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sungbum Lee
    • 3
  • Byung-Yong Kim
    • 4
  • Kun-Young Park
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Food Science and NutritionPusan National UniversityBusanKorea
  2. 2.Kimchi Research InstitutePusan National UniversityBusanKorea
  3. 3.Bureau of Documentary ProductionKorean Broadcasting System (KBS)SeoulKorea
  4. 4.ChunLab Inc.Seoul National UniversitySeoulKorea

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