Ohmic treatment of apple puree (Golden Delicious variety) in relation to product quality
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Inactivation of pectin methyl esterase was evaluated using thermal and ohmic treatments. Kinetics of enzyme inactivation in crude extracts during thermal treatment was described by a first order model yielding an activation energy of 202.52±25.86 kJ/mol. Pectin methylesterase was inactivated more rapidly by an ohmic treatment than by heating. A gradient of 25 V/cm was used to evaluate ohmic induced changes in color, reducing sugar concentrations, mineral and total polyphenolic contents, and rheological and morphological properties. A pseudo-plastic behavior was observed and the Power law was considered adequate to describe apple puree behavior. Minimal changes in physico-chemical parameters occurred. Ohmic treatment can be used in food processing and bioengineering for inactivation of quality-degrading enzymes and retention of health-related compounds and extension of the shelf-life.
Keywordsapple puree ohmic treatment minimal processing pectin methylesterase rheological behavior
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