Food Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 21, Issue 4, pp 997–1003 | Cite as

Prebiotic effect of mucilage and pectic-derived oligosaccharides from nopal (Opuntia ficus-indica)

  • Juan Carlos Guevara-Arauza
  • Jos de Jesús Ornelas-Paz
  • Diana Jaqueline Pimentel-González
  • Sergio Rosales Mendoza
  • Ruth Elena Soria Guerra
  • Luz María Teresita Paz Maldonado
Research Article

Abstract

Prebiotic effect of mucilage (MO) and pectic-derived (PO) oligosaccharides from prickly pear cactus stems was assessed on both cultures and metabolic activity of microbial communities from the human colon. The MO treatment enhanced lactobacilli growth up to 23.8%, while PO increased the bifidobacteria population by 25%. Furthermore, the addition of MO produced a slight decrease in enterococci, enterobacteria, staphylococci, and clostridia of about 4%. Increased levels of the short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) were attained in the cultures at rates of 35 and 16% in response to MO and PO treatments, respectively. Propionic acid (propionate) and butanoic acid (butyrate) production increased at least 50% throughout MO and PO treatments. A decrease in the ammonium level of 11.5% was produced by MO treatment. This research indicates that a mixture of MO and PO oligosaccharides from nopal (Opuntia ficus-indica) could act as prebiotic.

Keywords

Bifidobacterium Lactobacillus prebiotic short fatty acid soluble dietary fiber 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Netherlands 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Carlos Guevara-Arauza
    • 1
  • Jos de Jesús Ornelas-Paz
    • 2
  • Diana Jaqueline Pimentel-González
    • 3
  • Sergio Rosales Mendoza
    • 1
  • Ruth Elena Soria Guerra
    • 1
  • Luz María Teresita Paz Maldonado
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias QuímicasUniversidad Autónoma de San Luis Potos.San Luis Potos, SLPMéxico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo A.C.Unidad CuauhtémocChihuahuaMéxico
  3. 3.Centro de Investigación en Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos (CICyTA)UAEH, Tulancingo de BravoHidalgoMéxico

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