Prebiotic effect of mucilage and pectic-derived oligosaccharides from nopal (Opuntia ficus-indica)
- 566 Downloads
Prebiotic effect of mucilage (MO) and pectic-derived (PO) oligosaccharides from prickly pear cactus stems was assessed on both cultures and metabolic activity of microbial communities from the human colon. The MO treatment enhanced lactobacilli growth up to 23.8%, while PO increased the bifidobacteria population by 25%. Furthermore, the addition of MO produced a slight decrease in enterococci, enterobacteria, staphylococci, and clostridia of about 4%. Increased levels of the short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) were attained in the cultures at rates of 35 and 16% in response to MO and PO treatments, respectively. Propionic acid (propionate) and butanoic acid (butyrate) production increased at least 50% throughout MO and PO treatments. A decrease in the ammonium level of 11.5% was produced by MO treatment. This research indicates that a mixture of MO and PO oligosaccharides from nopal (Opuntia ficus-indica) could act as prebiotic.
KeywordsBifidobacterium Lactobacillus prebiotic short fatty acid soluble dietary fiber
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 3.Olano-Martin E, Mountzouris KC, Gibson GR, Rastall RA. In vitro fermentability of dextran, oligodextran, and maltodextrin by human gut bacteria. Brit. J. Nutr. 83: 247–255 (2000)Google Scholar
- 5.Goycoolea F, Cardenas A. Pectins from Opuntia spp.: A short review. J. Prof. Assoc. Cactus 5: 17–23 (2003)Google Scholar
- 8.de Sahagún, fray Bernardino. Códice Florentino. Colección Platina de la Biblioteca Médica (Platina Collection of the Medical Library), Archivo General de la Nación, Mexico City, México. pp. 2l8–220 (1979)Google Scholar
- 11.AOAC. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC Intl. 18th ed. Method 920.03. Association of Official Analytical Communities, Gaithersburg, MD, USA (2007)Google Scholar
- 13.Macfarlane GT, Steed H, Macfarlane S. Bacterial metabolism and health-related effects of galacto-oligosaccharides and other prebiotic. J. Appl. Microbiol. 104: 305–344 (2008)Google Scholar
- 14.Maciorkowska E, Ryszczuk E, Kaczmarski M. The role of probiotics and prebiotics in apoptosis of the gastrointestinal tract. Prz. Gastroenterol. 5: 88–93 (2010)Google Scholar
- 15.Bischoff SC, Schluck E. Pro- and prebiotics: A daily sip of health? Ernahrungs-Umschau. 57: 452–453 (2010)Google Scholar
- 16.Uehara M, Ohta A, Sakai K, Suzuki K, Watanabe S, Adlercreutz H. Dietary fructooligosaccharides modify intestinal bioavailability of a single dose of genistein and daidzein and affect their urinary excretion and kinetics in blood of rats. J. Nutr. 131: 787–795 (2001)Google Scholar
- 21.Ichikawa H, Sakata T. Stimulation of epithelial cell proliferation of isolated distal colon of rats by continuous colonic infusion of ammonia or short-chain fatty acids is non additive. J. Nutr. 128: 843–847 (1998)Google Scholar
- 24.Kolida S, Gibson GR. Prebiotic capacity of inulin-type fructans. J. Nutr. 137: 2503S–2506S (2007)Google Scholar
- 28.Roberfroid MV, van Loo JAE, Gibson GR. The bifidogenic nature of chicory inulin and its hydrolysis products. J. Nutr. 128: 11–19 (1998)Google Scholar