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Food Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 21, Issue 3, pp 715–721 | Cite as

Comparative study of antioxidant effects of five Korean varieties red pepper (Capsicum annuum L) extracts from various parts including placenta, stalk, and pericarp

  • Lei Chen
  • Ji-Eun Hwang
  • Kang Mo Gu
  • Jung-Hyun Kim
  • Boram Choi
  • Kyung-Sik Song
  • Youmie Park
  • Young-Hwa KangEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Methanol extracts from the placenta, stalk, and pricarp of 5 Korean varieties red pepper (Capsicum annuum L) were obtained and antioxidant constituents including total phenol, total flavonoids, and capsaicin were analyzed. Antioxidant effects were determined by ABTS, DPPH, and nitric oxide (NO) free radicals scavenging activities and superoxide dismutase (SOD)-like activity. All the extracts showed strong antioxidant activities in various bioassays. Chromatic parameters (L*, a*, b*, C*, and Ho) were responsible for the antioxidant capacity of red pepper pericarp extracts. Generally, stalk been considered as disposable part, exhibited not only strong scavenging activities against free radicals, but also high content of total phenols, total flavonoids, and capsaicin. In addition, positive correlations were also observed between antioxidant activities and constituents of phenolics, flavonoids, and capsaicin. It was concluded that red pepper, including stalk, can be functional food materials to enhance human health.

Keywords

antioxidant activity capsaicin red pepper total flavonoids content total phenols content 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Netherlands 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lei Chen
    • 1
  • Ji-Eun Hwang
    • 2
  • Kang Mo Gu
    • 1
  • Jung-Hyun Kim
    • 1
  • Boram Choi
    • 1
  • Kyung-Sik Song
    • 3
  • Youmie Park
    • 4
  • Young-Hwa Kang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture & Life SciencesKyungpook National UniversityDeaguKorea
  2. 2.Youngyang Pepper Experiment StationAgricultural Research and Extension ServicesYoungyang, GyeongbukKorea
  3. 3.College of PharmacyKyungpook National UniversityDeaguKorea
  4. 4.College of PharmacyInje UniversityKimhae, GyeongnamKorea

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