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Food Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 709–714 | Cite as

Heavy metal contents and chemical compositions of atlantic (Scomber scombrus), blue (Scomber australasicus), and chub (Scomber japonicus) mackerel muscles

  • Jin Han Bae
  • Sung Ho Yoon
  • Sun Young LimEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

The heavy metal contents and chemical compositions among mackerel species were investigated. Atlantic and chub mackerel had higher mercury, but lower lead than blue mackerel. Chub mackerel had the highest crude fat (18.62%) and the lowest moisture (58.29%), whereas blue mackerel had the highest moisture (70.10%) and the lowest crude fat (2.89%). Atlantic and blue mackerel had total saturated fatty acids (SFA)>polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)>monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA), whereas chub mackerel had PUFA>SFA>MUFA. The main SFA of the 3 mackerels were 16:0 and the main PUFAs were 22:6n-3 and 20:5n-3. The total amino acid contents in Atlantic, blue, and chub mackerel were 190.63, 169.49, and 172.97 mg/g, respectively. The major amino acids of the 3 mackerels were glutamic acid, aspartic acid, lysine, and leucine.

Keywords

Atlantic mackerel blue mackerel chub mackerel heavy metal chemical composition 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Netherlands 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Marine Environment & BioscienceKorea Maritime UniversityBusanKorea
  2. 2.National Fisheries Products Quality Inspection ServiceBusanKorea
  3. 3.Department of Food Science & BiotechnologyKyungsung UniversityBusanKorea

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