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Food Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 429–435 | Cite as

Is the anti-stress effect of vitamin C related to adrenal gland function in rat?

  • Ji Young Choi
  • Ike Campomayor dela Peña
  • Seo Young Yoon
  • Tae Sun Woo
  • Yoon Jung Choi
  • Chan Young Shin
  • Jong Hoon Ryu
  • Yong Soo Lee
  • Gu Yong Yu
  • Jae Hoon CheongEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate whether vitamin C influences the stress response system of the adrenal gland. Adrenalectomized (ADX) rats and non-ADX rats were administered vitamin C and were subjected to electroshock stress (ES) for 5 days. After loading the final stress, stress-related behaviors and corticosterone (CORT), vitamin C, and adrenocorticotropin-releasing hormone (ACTH) levels in the blood were measured. Vitamin C supplementation decreased CORT levels in non-ADX rats. Stress decreased the mean value of rearing frequency in both non-ADX and ADX rats, while vitamin C partially enhanced it only in non-ADX. Vitamin C supplementation decreased mean ACTH level in both groups. It also significantly decreased freezing time increased by stress. Lastly, vitamin C motivated both groups to cross over an electric field more frequently as compared to their respective control groups. These results suggest that the alleviating effect of vitamin C on stress-related rearing behavior was exerted via modulation of CORT, but its effect on freezing behavior may be attributed to corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) or ACTH.

Keywords

vitamin C electroshock stress corticosterone behavior 

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Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Netherlands 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ji Young Choi
    • 1
  • Ike Campomayor dela Peña
    • 1
  • Seo Young Yoon
    • 1
  • Tae Sun Woo
    • 1
  • Yoon Jung Choi
    • 1
  • Chan Young Shin
    • 3
  • Jong Hoon Ryu
    • 4
  • Yong Soo Lee
    • 5
  • Gu Yong Yu
    • 2
  • Jae Hoon Cheong
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Uimyung Research Institute for NeuroscienceSahmyook UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of ChemistrySahmyook UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Department of Pharmacology, School of MedicineKonkuk UniversitySeoulKorea
  4. 4.Department of Life and Nanopharmaceutical SciencesKyung Hee UniversitySeoulKorea
  5. 5.Department of Pharmacology, School of MedicineDuksung Women’s UniversitySeoulKorea

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