Healthcare disparities in rheumatology: the role of education at a global level

  • Vaneet Kaur SandhuEmail author
  • Mehrnaz Hojjati
  • Irene Blanco
Review Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Empowering Medical Education to Transform: Learnings from an international perspective


All fields of medicine are victim to health inequity worldwide, including rheumatology. While the health system is a key proponent to health access for all, other social determinants of health also impact world health. We describe herein the current state of global healthcare disparities in rheumatology and attempts at optimizing graduate medical education and resources for optimized healthcare, international research collaborations and a future of universal health equity. We performed a comprehensive search through Pubmed using the following keywords: healthcare disparities, medical education, access to care, community health.

Key Points

Healthcare disparities are ubiquitous globally, including the field of rheumatology.

The heterogeneity of global healthcare disparities emphasizes the importance of addressing unmet needs at a regional level.

A standardized approach to incorporating healthcare disparities education in the medical field is lacking. Intervening at this level provides a foundation of increasing provider awareness of regional healthcare disparities so as to establish a framework of addressing such disparities in a culturally competent manner.


Access to care Community health Healthcare disparities Medical education 


Compliance with ethical standards




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Copyright information

© International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Rheumatology, Department of MedicineLoma Linda UniversityLoma LindaUSA
  2. 2.Division of Rheumatology, Department of MedicineAlbert Einstein College of MedicineBronxUSA

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