Cross-cultural adaptation, validity, and reliability of the Turkish version of the Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation
The Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation (PREE) is a joint-specific, self-administered outcome measure used to determine the level of pain and disability in patients with various elbow pathologies. The aim of this study was to cross-culturally adapt the PREE into Turkish (PREE-T) and to test its reliability and validity.
Fifty-nine patients with elbow disorders were included in the present study. The original version of the PREE was translated and culturally adapted into Turkish by following standard procedure. Test-retest reliability and internal consistency were determined using intraclass correlation coefficient and Cronbach’s alpha, respectively. Construct validity of PREE-T was determined with Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) and Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaires by using Pearson’s correlation coefficient analysis. Floor and ceiling effects were also analyzed.
A high internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha of 0.959) and an excellent test-retest reliability (the intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.970) indicated that the PREE-T was reliable. Neither floor nor ceiling effects were observed in sub-parameters (0–1.7%) and the total score (0%) of PREE-T. Correlation coefficients between the PREE-T total score and DASH disability/symptom and work sub-parameters were 0.636 and 0.461, respectively. PREE-T pain and function sub-parameters correlated with related sub-parameters of the SF-36 bodily pain (r = − 0.721) and physical functioning (r = − 0.263).
• The Turkish version of the Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation was successfully translated into Turkish and validated in a population with various elbow pathologies according to established guidelines
• The Turkish version of the Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation has high internal consistency and test-retest values
• The Turkish version of the Patient-Rated Elbow Evaluation is valid and reliable
KeywordsElbow Outcome measure Reliability Validity
Compliance with ethical standards
Human and animal rights statement
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
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