Dendritic cells in the pathogenesis of ankylosing spondylitis and axial spondyloarthritis

  • Gleb Slobodin
  • Itzhak Rosner
  • Aharon Kessel
Review Article


The interaction of dendritic cells (DCs) with the human microbiome, with distorted handling of the microbiota or its products via the direct effect of HLA B27, probably represents the initial element in the chain of events leading to the development of clinical axial spondyloarthritis. The mechanism of disease extension onto the skeleton and other tissues involved, such as uvea, may also involve migratory DCs. Finally, the role of DCs in the initiation of the inflammatory tissue response with activation of the IL-17 axis has been demonstrated. Further, some initial data suggests the possible connection of DCs with disease-related new bone formation.


Ankylosing spondylitis Axial spondyloarthritis Dendritic cells 


Compliance with ethical standards




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Copyright information

© International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rheumatology UnitBnai Zion Medical CenterHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Ruth and Bruce Rappaport Faculty of MedicineTechnionHaifaIsrael
  3. 3.Division of Allergy and Clinical ImmunologyBnai Zion Medical CenterHaifaIsrael

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