Expression of circulating Semaphorin3A and its association with inflammation and bone destruction in rheumatoid arthritis
- 109 Downloads
To determine the expression of Semaphorin3A (Sema3A) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, and analyze the correlation between serum Sema3A and the pathogenesis of RA. The concentration of serum Sema3A and its mRNA expression level were detected in RA patients. The association of serum Sema3A level with clinical and laboratory features of RA were analyzed. Serum Sema3A of 130 RA patients (15.89 ± 8.58 ng/ml) was significantly higher than that of 150 HC (6.96 ± 2.62 ng/ml) and 215 patients with other rheumatic diseases (P < 0.05). Consistent with the serum level, the Sema3A mRNA level was also higher in RA patients’ PBMC than that in HC (1.8-fold increase, P < 0.01). The serum level of Sema3A was correlated with platelet counts (r = 0.229), ESR (r = 0.172), RF (r = 0.230), IgM (r = 0.254) and Sharp score (r = 0.254), and bone mineral density (BMD) of lumbar spine (r = 0.263). Serum Sema3A was also fundamentally higher in AKA-, APF-, anti-CCP-positive groups compared with negative groups (P < 0.05). The ROC curve showed that the optimum diagnostic cutoff value for Sema3A was 10.881 ng/ml. RF level and antibodies (anti-CCP, APF, AKA, and GPI) positive rates were significantly higher in Sema3A positive group. Sharp score was also higher, although without significance. The expression of Sema3A is significantly elevated in RA patients. The level of serum Sema3A is positively correlated with inflammatory factors (including ESR, IgM, and RF) and is associated with auto-antibody production and bone destruction.
KeywordsAuto-antibody Bone destruction Inflammation Rheumatoid arthritis Semaphorin3A
We are grateful to doctor Qi-zhi Zhu and Xia Liu from Radiology Department, Peking University People’s Hospital, who scored radiographs of hands and wrists from RA patients.
This study was supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 31530030 and 2101000218).
Compliance with ethical standards
- 11.Kaneko S, Iwanami A, Nakamura M, Kishino A, Kikuchi K, Shibata S, Okano HJ, Ikegami T, Moriya A, Konishi O, Nakayama C, Kumagai K, Kimura T, Sato Y, Goshima Y, Taniguchi M, Ito M, He Z, Toyama Y, Okano H (2006) A selective Sema3A inhibitor enhances regenerative responses and functional recovery of the injured spinal cord. Nat Med 12(12):1380–1389CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 12.Serini G, Valdembri D, Zanivan S, Morterra G, Burkhardt C, Caccavari F, Zammataro L, Primo L, Tamagnone L, Logan M, Tessier-Lavigne M, Taniguchi M, Püschel AW, Bussolino F (2003) Class 3 semaphorins control vascular morphogenesis by inhibiting integrin function. Nature 424(6947):391–397CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 15.Rolny C, Capparuccia L, Casazza A, Mazzone M, Vallario A, Cignetti A, Medico E, Carmeliet P, Comoglio PM, Tamagnone L (2008) The tumor suppressor semaphorin 3B triggers a prometastatic program mediated by interleukin 8 and the tumor microenvironment. J Exp Med 205(5):1155–1171CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 16.Sekido Y, Bader S, Latif F, Chen JY, Duh FM, Wei MH, Albanesi JP, Lee CC, Lerman MI, Minna JD (1996) Human semaphorins A(V) and IV reside in the 3p21.3 small cell lung cancer deletion region and demonstrate distinct expression patterns. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 93(9):4120–4125CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 17.Sierra JR, Corso S, Caione L, Cepero V, Conrotto P, Cignetti A, Piacibello W, Kumanogoh A, Kikutani H, Comoglio PM, Tamagnone L, Giordano S (2008) Tumor angiogenesis and progression are enhanced by Sema4D produced by tumor-associated macrophages. J Exp Med 205(7):1673–1685CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- 18.Vacca A, Scavelli C, Serini G, di Pietro G, Cirulli T, Merchionne F, Ribatti D, Bussolino F, Guidolin D, Piaggio G, Bacigalupo A, Dammacco F (2006) Loss of inhibitory semaphorin 3A (SEMA3A) autocrine loops in bone marrow endothelial cells of patients with multiple myeloma. Blood 108(5):1661–1667CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 23.Lepelletier Y, Lecourt S, Renand A, Arnulf B, Vanneaux V, Fermand JP, Menasché P, Domet T, Marolleau JP, Hermine O, Larghero J (2010) Galectin-1 and semaphorin-3A are two soluble factors conferring T-cell immunosuppression to bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell. Stem Cells Dev 19(7):1075–1079CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar