Clinical Rheumatology

, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 1201–1208 | Cite as

Does vitamin D supplementation alleviate chronic nonspecific musculoskeletal pain? A systematic review and meta-analysis

  • M. Gaikwad
  • S. Vanlint
  • M. Mittinity
  • G. L. Moseley
  • N. Stocks
Letter to the Editor

Abstract

Chronic nonspecific musculoskeletal pain (CNMP) is an idiopathic condition often seen in general practice and rheumatology clinics, the aetiology of which may include vitamin D deficiency. The objective of the present study is to evaluate the effectiveness of vitamin D supplementation in the management of CNMP through a systematic review and meta-analysis. According to PRISMA guidelines, PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane and Scopus electronic databases were searched for randomised controlled trials comparing vitamin D supplementation to a control or placebo in CNMP patients; the search was not limited by language or date. Meta-analysis was performed using the mean and standardised mean difference which was computed with 95 % confidence intervals, and overall effect size was calculated. Both fixed and random effects models were used in meta-analysis to account for heterogeneity in the studies. The initial search identified 107 studies, of which 10 were potentially relevant, with 7 studies excluded because they did not meet selection criteria. Three studies were included in the meta-analysis. We found no effect of vitamin D supplementation (standardised mean difference (SMD) 0.004; 95 % confidence interval (CI) −0.248 to 0.256) on pain in CNMP patients. Forest plot is used to present the results from meta-analysis. Contrary to a widespread clinical view, there is a moderate level of evidence that vitamin D supplementation is not helpful for treating CNMP patients.

Keywords

Chronic nonspecific musculoskeletal pain Meta-analysis Systematic review Vitamin D Vitamin D supplementation 

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Copyright information

© International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Gaikwad
    • 1
  • S. Vanlint
    • 1
  • M. Mittinity
    • 2
  • G. L. Moseley
    • 3
  • N. Stocks
    • 1
  1. 1.Discipline of General Practice, School of MedicineUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.School of Public HealthUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.Sansom Institute for Health ResearchUniversity of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia

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