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Clinical Rheumatology

, Volume 34, Issue 3, pp 535–543 | Cite as

WHO-ILAR COPCORD study (stage 1, urban study) in Sanandaj, Iran

  • Nasrin Moghimi
  • Fereydoun DavatchiEmail author
  • Ezat Rahimi
  • Afshin Saidi
  • Naser Rashadmanesh
  • Solmaz Moghimi
  • Hoshyar Ghafori
  • Peiman Zandi
  • Negin Ahmadi
  • Hamed Ghafori
  • Mohsen Moghimi
  • Marjan hajiheshmati
Original Article

Abstract

This study aims to conduct an urban Community Oriented Program for Control Of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) study in Sanandaj (Kurdistan, Iran). Sanandaj with a population of 311,446 (2006 census), Caucasian of Kurdish subgroup, was selected as the field. Sanandaj was divided into 100 clusters and subjects were randomly selected from them (50 subjects from each cluster). The COPCORD study started on July 2011 and ended on June 2012. Of the households, 1,631 was visited and 5,830 persons were interviewed. The male to female ratio was 0.8–1 (44.5 % males, 55.5 % females). Musculoskeletal complaints during the past 7 days were detected in 42.8 % of the interviewed subjects (36.3 % males, 48.1 % females). The distribution was 16.7 % shoulder, 10 % wrist, 9.7 % hands and fingers, 7.7 % hip, 26.3 % knee, 9.9 % ankle, 6.4 % toes, 9.5 % cervical spine, and 21.5 % dorsal and lumbar spine. Degenerative joint diseases were detected in 19.4 % of the subjects: 1.8 % neck, 18.9 % knee, 3.9 % hands, and 0.51 % hip. Low back pain was detected in 16.5 %, sciatica in 1.2 %, cervical nerve root pain in 0.24 %, and soft tissue rheumatism in 5.5 %. Inflammatory disorders were 0.51 % rheumatoid arthritis, 0.22 % seronegative spondyloarthropathy, 0.10 % ankylosing spondylitis, 0.05 % systemic lupus erythematosus, and 0.10 % Behcet’s disease . Fibromyalgia was detected in 0.62 % and gout in 0.12 % of the studied population. Disability was reported by 28.3 %. It was present at the study time in 21.4 %. Comparing the four COPCORD studies of Iran, the figures (numbers) obtained by COPCORD Sanandaj are much the same as the COPCORD study in Tehran. Joint complaints were seen less frequently than in the COPCORD urban study of Zahedan and rural study of Tuyserkan. Osteoarthritis was higher than in Tehran, but the same as the two others. Soft tissue rheumatism was rather the same. Rheumatoid arthritis was higher than Tehran and Tuyserkan, but lower than Zahedan.

Keywords

Community-based epidemiology COPCORD Iran Musculoskeletal complaints Rheumatic diseases 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Special thanks are given to Tohid Hospital (Sanandaj), Doctor Bayan Sharifi and Doctor Zohreh Na’imi (residents of the hospital), personnel of the Internal Medicine ward, personnel of the Laboratory Department, and personnel of the Imaging Department of the Tohid Hospital for their valuable help.

Disclosures

None.

Grant

Grant was from the Council for Science, Research, and Technology Kurdistan.

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Copyright information

© Clinical Rheumatology 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nasrin Moghimi
    • 1
  • Fereydoun Davatchi
    • 2
    • 6
    Email author
  • Ezat Rahimi
    • 3
  • Afshin Saidi
    • 4
  • Naser Rashadmanesh
    • 4
  • Solmaz Moghimi
    • 4
  • Hoshyar Ghafori
    • 4
  • Peiman Zandi
    • 5
  • Negin Ahmadi
    • 4
  • Hamed Ghafori
    • 4
  • Mohsen Moghimi
    • 4
  • Marjan hajiheshmati
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Rheumatology, School of MedicineKurdistan University of Medical SciencesSanandajIran
  2. 2.Head Division of Rheumatology, Rheumatology Research CenterTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  3. 3.Department of Internal Medicine, School of MedicineKurdistan University of Medical SciencesSanandajIran
  4. 4.Liver & Digestive Research CenterKurdistan University of Medical SciencesSanandajIran
  5. 5.Social Security HospitalSanandajIran
  6. 6.Rheumatology DepartmentShariati HospitalTehranIran

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