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Clinical Rheumatology

, Volume 30, Issue 10, pp 1325–1331 | Cite as

Lipid profile in Tunisian patients with rheumatoid arthritis

  • Saoussen Hassen Zrour
  • Fadoua Hassine Neffeti
  • Nabil Sakly
  • Mahbouba Jguirim
  • Wided Korbaa
  • Mohamed Younes
  • Ismail Bejia
  • Mongi Touzi
  • Najjar Mohamed Fadel
  • Naceur Bergaoui
Original Article

Abstract

This study aims to assess the prevalence of dyslipidaemia in Tunisian patients with active RA and to investigate the clinical and biological associated factors. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 92 unselected patients with active RA (77 females and 15 males, aged 49.1 ± 12.5 years) and 82 healthy subjects (68 females and 14 males, aged 50.8 ± 13.3 years). We recorded the patients' characteristics and the results of a lipid profile test (total cholesterol, TC; high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-c; low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, LDL-c; triglyceride, TG; lipoprotein (a), Lp (a); apolipoprotein A-1, apo A-1 and apolipoprotein B, apo B). In comparison to the control group, RA patients showed a higher prevalence of associated dyslipidaemia (95.7% versus 65.9% of cases, p < 0.001). Sera of patients showed higher TC (4.86 ± 1.07 versus 3.98 ± 0.73 mmol/L, p < 0.001), LDL-c (3.49 ± 0.98 versus 1.99 ± 0.62 mmol/L, p < 0.001), Lp (a) (288.04 ± 254.59 versus 187.94 ± 181.37 mmol/L, p = 0.004) and lower HDL-c (0.66 ± 0.24 versus 1.12 ± 0.3 mmol/L, p < 0.001). TC/HDL-c, LDL-c/HDL-c and non-HDL-c/HDL-c were also higher in RA patients; they were 8.24 ± 3.20 versus 3.76 ± 1.26 (p < 0.001), 5.91 ± 2.48 versus 1.92 ± 0.99 (p < 0.001) and 7.24 ± 3.20 versus 2.76 ± 1.26 (p < 0.001), respectively. Apo A-1 was correlated to Lp (a) (r = 0.291, p = 0.005). Corticoid dose was not associated to dyslipidaemia, but in multiple regression models, corticoid dose may be negatively related to some atherogenic markers, in particular non-HDL-c. Tunisian patients with markedly active RA experience substantially reduced serum HDL-c and increased TC, LDL-c and Lp (a) concentrations as well as increased TC/HDL-c, LDL-c/HDL-c and non-HDL-c/HDL-c ratios.

Keywords

Atherogenic index Cholesterol HDL cholesterol LDL cholesterol Lipoprotein (a) Rheumatoid arthritis Triglyceride 

Notes

Disclosures

None

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Copyright information

© Clinical Rheumatology 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saoussen Hassen Zrour
    • 1
  • Fadoua Hassine Neffeti
    • 2
  • Nabil Sakly
    • 3
  • Mahbouba Jguirim
    • 1
  • Wided Korbaa
    • 1
  • Mohamed Younes
    • 1
  • Ismail Bejia
    • 1
  • Mongi Touzi
    • 1
  • Najjar Mohamed Fadel
    • 2
  • Naceur Bergaoui
    • 1
  1. 1.Rheumatology DepartmentMonastir Teaching HospitalMonastirTunisia
  2. 2.Biochemistry DepartmentMonastir Teaching HospitalMonastirTunisia
  3. 3.Immunology DepartmentMonastir Teaching HospitalMonastirTunisia

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