Clinical Rheumatology

, Volume 28, Issue 9, pp 1091–1100

Patients’ experiences of a diagnosis of Hughes’ syndrome

Brief Report

DOI: 10.1007/s10067-009-1196-x

Cite this article as:
Donnan, P.T. & McDonald, M.J. Clin Rheumatol (2009) 28: 1091. doi:10.1007/s10067-009-1196-x


The objectives of the study were to describe the experience of patients immediately prior to a diagnosis of Hughes syndrome (HS) or antiphospholipid syndrome and post-diagnosis. A questionnaire survey was carried out set in the Hughes Syndrome Foundation, St. Thomas’ Hospital, London, 2006. Participants were all patients who are members of the Hughes Syndrome Foundation. The main outcome measures were responses to a questionnaire relating to the experiences of people with a diagnosis of HS, such as number of hospitalisations, number of consultants seen, number of miscarriages, etc. A total of 157 patients completed the questionnaire, giving a response rate of 60.4%. Most (85%) were women and mean age was 46 years (SD 12). The median time to diagnosis was 3 years. The median number of consultants seen was 2 (max 19) with a median time in hospital pre-diagnosis of 10 days. The most common initial diagnoses were migraines, multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. Among women, 46% had had a miscarriage. Two thirds of respondents thought a blood test would have led to an earlier diagnosis. Comments from patients indicated a lack of awareness among specialists and general practitioners. The survey demonstrated a long time lag for diagnosis of Hughes syndrome, with increased costs to the NHS and emotional and financial cost to the patient. Greater awareness of this condition would benefit patients and the NHS.


Antiphospholipid syndrome Hughes syndrome 

Copyright information

© Clinical Rheumatology 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dundee Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Clinical and Population Sciences, and EducationUniversity of DundeeDundeeScotland
  2. 2.Nurse and Social WorkerAngusScotland

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