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Clinical Rheumatology

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 173–177 | Cite as

High prevalence of low bone density in young Iranian healthy individuals

  • Iraj SalehiEmail author
  • Shabnam Khazaeli
  • Seyed Reza Najafizadeh
  • Haleh Ashraf
  • Mahdi Malekpour
Original Article

Abstract

With the increasing life expectancy, osteoporosis is becoming a major worldwide health problem, more particularly in the Middle East region. Bone mineral density (BMD) of the hip, lumbar spine, and forearm was measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry (Lunar) in 2085 (25% men, 75% women) healthy Iranian subjects aged 20–88 yr. The prevalence of osteoporosis and osteopenia in at least one measured site in subjects aged 50 yr and older were 36.1% and 43.9% in women, and 24.5% and 70.8% in men, respectively. Among subjects younger than 50 yr, 49.6% of women and 59.6% of men had low bone mass, respectively. In addition, more than one third of subjects showed discordance between different sites of measurement. The high incidence of low bone density in young ages requires our proper attention and planning for prevention. Measurement of BMD in all three sites seems necessary and clinicians should look for possible causes of discordance between different sites of measurement and develop an appropriate strategy approaching to these patients.

Keywords

Bone mineral density Osteoporosis Osteopenia and prevalence 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The help of the BMD unit is gratefully acknowledged. The cooperation of the subjects who took part in the study is greatly appreciated. The author would like to thank the Farzan Institute for Research and Technology for technical assistance.

Disclosures

None

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Copyright information

© Clinical Rheumatology 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Iraj Salehi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shabnam Khazaeli
    • 2
  • Seyed Reza Najafizadeh
    • 3
  • Haleh Ashraf
    • 4
  • Mahdi Malekpour
    • 4
  1. 1.Rheumatology Research Center, Amir Álam HospitalTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  2. 2.General PractitionerPrivate SectorTehranIran
  3. 3.Rheumatology Research Center, Imam Khomeini HospitalTehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran
  4. 4.Tehran University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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