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Clinical Rheumatology

, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp 1344–1345 | Cite as

Visceral leishmaniasis infection in a patient with rheumatoid arthritis treated with etanercept

  • V. BagalasEmail author
  • I. Kioumis
  • P. Argyropoulou
  • D. Patakas
Case Report

Abstract

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a severe disease that can develop in immunocompromised patients. Antitumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) treatment of rheumatoid arthritis can result in clinical benefits, but with an increased risk of opportunistic infections. Leishmania infection in patients treated with TNF-α antagonists is extremely rare; for this reason, we report a patient with VL after etanercept treatment who had an unfavorable outcome.

Keywords

Etanercept Rheumatoid arthritis TNF-α antagonists Visceral leishmaniasis 

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Copyright information

© Clinical Rheumatology 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Bagalas
    • 1
    Email author
  • I. Kioumis
    • 1
  • P. Argyropoulou
    • 1
  • D. Patakas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pulmonary DiseaseAristotle University of Thessaloniki Medical School–“G. Papanikolaou” HospitalExohiGreece

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