Deformation behaviors of dip slopes considering the scale effect and their geological properties

  • Wen-Chao HuangEmail author
  • Kun-Che Li
  • Jheng-Yu Hsieh
  • Meng-Chia Weng
  • Wen-Yi Hung
Original Paper


To clarify the scale effect of slope deformation, this study investigates the behaviors of dip slopes with various heights and geological properties using centrifuge and numerical modeling. Three types of physical and numerical models with different rock layer thicknesses and weak plane angles were constructed for analysis and validation. The models were subject to toe submersion to simulate the wetting deterioration condition. Based on the analysis results, the deformation, sliding, and debris accumulation of small slopes (a few meters high) may be insignificant. However, the deformation behaviors of higher slopes with the same angle (with a height of tens to a hundred meters) can be more severe and affect the whole slope, especially if the slope has a high weak plane angle with alternating thin rock layers. Some early warning signs, such as bulging-induced tension cracks close to the toe or the relative sliding of layers at the slope surface or crest, can produce more massive landslides or debris accumulation of the dip slopes, especially for high slopes.


Centrifuge test Dip slope Discrete element method (DEM) Weak plane angle Scale effect 


Funding information

The authors would like to thank the Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan, for financially supporting this research under contract MOST 107-2625-M-008-011.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Central UniversityTaoyuan CityTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Chiao Tung UniversityHsinchuTaiwan

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