Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment

, Volume 78, Issue 8, pp 6297–6309 | Cite as

Effects of mining speed on the developmental features of mining-induced ground fissures

  • Hui LiuEmail author
  • Kazhong Deng
  • Xiaojun Zhu
  • Chunlu Jiang
Original Paper


Shallow coal seam exploitation not only causes serious surface subsidence but also induces extensive ground fissures, which severely threaten the safety of underground mining and the surface eco-environment. We use the Daliuta coal mine of the Shendong mining district in China as a case study to investigate and characterize the influence of underground coal mining on the development of ground fissures. A new comprehensive impact parameter K of geology and mining for ground fissure development is introduced to explain the effects of mining speed on the developmental features of ground fissures. The results show that ground fissures often develop in the surface tensile zone ahead of the working face advancing position and show an inverted C-shape on the surface, which is similar to periodic fracturing of the basic roof. The ground fissure angle increases linearly with mining speed and logarithmically with K, while the developmental cycle decreases linearly with mining speed. We propose a technical measure to control ground fissure disasters by adjusting mining speed, which provides a theoretical reference for eco-environmental governance in shallow coal seam mining districts.


Ground fissure Shallow coal seam Mining speed Surface movement Coal mining subsidence 



This work were funded by Mayor Program of National Planning Office of Philosophy and Social Science (CN) (Grant No.14ZDB145), Research Fund of The State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and safe Mining, CUMT (CN) (Grant No. SKLCRSM 15KF06), Excellent Young Talents Fund Program of Higher Education Institutions of Hebei Province (CN) (Grant No. BJ2016010), and University Natural Science Research Program of Anhui Province (CN) (Grant No. KJ2018A0003). We warmly thank the anonymous reviewer and editor, whose constructive and helpful comments substantially improved this manuscript. We thank Esther Posner, PhD, from Liwen Bianji, Edanz Editing China (, for editing the English text of a draft of this manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anhui Province Engineering Laboratory for Mine Ecological Remediation, School of Resources and Environmental EngineeringAnhui UniversityHefeiChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and Safe MiningChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Mining and GeomaticsHebei University of EngineeringHandanChina

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