Advertisement

Bulletin of Engineering Geology and the Environment

, Volume 78, Issue 8, pp 6297–6309 | Cite as

Effects of mining speed on the developmental features of mining-induced ground fissures

  • Hui LiuEmail author
  • Kazhong Deng
  • Xiaojun Zhu
  • Chunlu Jiang
Original Paper

Abstract

Shallow coal seam exploitation not only causes serious surface subsidence but also induces extensive ground fissures, which severely threaten the safety of underground mining and the surface eco-environment. We use the Daliuta coal mine of the Shendong mining district in China as a case study to investigate and characterize the influence of underground coal mining on the development of ground fissures. A new comprehensive impact parameter K of geology and mining for ground fissure development is introduced to explain the effects of mining speed on the developmental features of ground fissures. The results show that ground fissures often develop in the surface tensile zone ahead of the working face advancing position and show an inverted C-shape on the surface, which is similar to periodic fracturing of the basic roof. The ground fissure angle increases linearly with mining speed and logarithmically with K, while the developmental cycle decreases linearly with mining speed. We propose a technical measure to control ground fissure disasters by adjusting mining speed, which provides a theoretical reference for eco-environmental governance in shallow coal seam mining districts.

Keywords

Ground fissure Shallow coal seam Mining speed Surface movement Coal mining subsidence 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work were funded by Mayor Program of National Planning Office of Philosophy and Social Science (CN) (Grant No.14ZDB145), Research Fund of The State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and safe Mining, CUMT (CN) (Grant No. SKLCRSM 15KF06), Excellent Young Talents Fund Program of Higher Education Institutions of Hebei Province (CN) (Grant No. BJ2016010), and University Natural Science Research Program of Anhui Province (CN) (Grant No. KJ2018A0003). We warmly thank the anonymous reviewer and editor, whose constructive and helpful comments substantially improved this manuscript. We thank Esther Posner, PhD, from Liwen Bianji, Edanz Editing China (www.liwenbianji.cn/ac), for editing the English text of a draft of this manuscript.

References

  1. Avera BN, Strahm BD, Burger JA, Zipper CE (2015) Development of ecosystem structure and function on reforested surface-mined lands in the Central Appalachian Coal Basin of the United States. New Forests 46(5–6):683–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bi YL, Zou H, Peng C, Shi LM (2014) Effects of mining subsidence on soil water movement in sandy area. Journal of China Coal Society 39(S2):490–496 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  3. Bi YL, Zhang J, Song ZH, Wang ZG, Qiu L, Hu JJ, Gong YL (2019) Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi alleviate root damage stress induced by simulated coal mining subsidence ground fissures. Sci Total Environ 652:398–405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bian ZF, Miao XX, Lei SG, Chen SE, Wang WF, Sue S (2012) The challenges of reusing mining and mineral-processing wastes. Science 337(6095):702–703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen C, Hu ZQ (2018) Research advances in formation mechanism of ground crack due to coal mining subsidence in China. Journal of China Coal Society 43(3):810–823 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  6. Chen DD, Xie SR, He FL, Zeng JC, Xie FX, Cheng Q (2018) First fracturing of thin plate of main roof with elastic foundation boundary on both sides of the long side of goaf (coal pillars). Journal of China Coal Society 43(12):3273–3285 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  7. David L, Marian M, Işık Y, Petra B, Dominik N, Karel K, Václav M (2016) Subsidence measurements in roads and implementation in land use plan optimisation in areas affected by deep coal mining. Environ Earth Sci 75:69CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Djamaluddin I, Mitani Y, Esaki T (2011) Evaluation of ground movement and damage to structures from Chinese coal mining using a new GIS coupling model. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 48:380–393CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fan LM, Zhang XT, Xiang MX, Zhang HQ, Shen T, Lin PX (2015) Characteristics of ground fissure development in high intensity mining area of shallow seam in Yushenfu coal field. Journal of China Coal Society 40(6):1442–1447 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  10. Guo GL, Feng WK, Zha JF, Liu YX, Wang Q (2011) Subsidence control and farmland conservation by solid backfilling mining technology. T Nonfer Metal Soc 21(s3):s665–s669CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Guo H, Yuan L, Shen BT, Qu QD, Xue JH (2012) Mining-induced strata stress changes, fractures and gas flow dynamics in multi-seam longwall mining. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 54:129–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Guo W, Tan Y, Bai E (2017) Top coal caving mining technique in thick coal seam beneath the earth dam. Int J Min Sci Tech 27(1):165–170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kalogirou EE, Tsapanos TM, Karakostas VG, Marinos VP, Chatzipetros A (2014) Ground fissures in the area of Mavropigi Village (N. Greece): Seismotectonics or mining activity? Acta Geophys 62(6):1387–1412CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Li HY, Wang WH, Qi QX, Zhang L (2014) Study on fissure development rule of overlying strata influenced by mining based on fractal theory. Journal of China Coal Society 39(6):1070–1076 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  15. Li XJ, Hu ZQ, Li SC, Cai YF (2015) Anomalies of mountainous mining paddy in western China. Soil Till Res 145:10–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Li L, Wu K, Hu ZQ, Xu YK, Zhou DW (2017) Analysis of developmental features and causes of the ground cracks induced by oversized working face mining in an aeolian sand area. Environ Earth Sci 76(3):135CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Liu H, He CG, Deng KZ, Bian ZF, Fan HD, Lei SG, Zhang AB (2013) An analysis of forming mechanism of collapsing ground fissure caused by mining. Journal of Mining and Safety Engineering 30(3):380–384 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  18. Liu H, Lei SG, Deng KZ, Yu X, Wang YX (2014) Research on ground fissure treatment filling with super-high-water material. Journal of China Coal Society 39(1):72–77. (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  19. Liu H, Deng KZ, Lei SG, Bian ZF (2015) Mechanism of formation of sliding ground fissure in loess hilly areas caused by underground mining. Int J Min Tech 25(4):553–558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lv XF, Zhou HY, Wang AW, Feng C, Xiao XC (2018) Characteristics of stress transfer and progressive fracture in overlying strata due to mining-induced disturbances. Adv Civ Eng 2018:1–13Google Scholar
  21. Malinowska AA, Hejmanowski R (2016) The impact of deep underground coal mining on earth fissure occurrence. Acta Geody Geomater 13(4):321–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. McNally GH (2000) Geology and mining practice in relation to shallow subsidence in the Northern Coalfield, New South Wales. Aust J Earth Sci 47(1):21–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Peng SS (1992) Surface subsidence engineering. Littleton Society for Mining, Metallurgy, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  24. Peng JB, Chen LW, Huang QB, Men YM, Fan W, Yan JK, Li K, Ji YS, Shi YL (2008) Large-scale physical simulative experiment on ground-fissure expansion mechanism. Chinese Journal of Geophysics 51(6):1826–1834 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  25. Saygin A, Arikan M, Sanli FB (2014) Monitoring of coal mining subsidence in peri-urban area of Zonguldak city (NW Turkey) with persistent scatterer interferometry using ALOS-PALSAR. Environ Earth Sci 71(9):4081–4089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Singh R, Mandal PK, Singh AK, Kumar R, Maiti J, Ghosh AK (2008) Upshot of strata movement during underground mining of a thick coal seam below hilly terrain. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 45(1):29–46CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Unver B, Yasitli NE (2006) Modelling of strata movement with a special reference to caving mechanism in thick seam coal mining. Int J Coal Geol 66(4):227–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wang XF, Zhang DS, Zhang CG, Fan GW (2013) Mechanism of mining-induced slope movement for gullies overlaying shallow coal seams. J MT SCI-ENGL 10(3):388–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Wang CL, Zhang CS, Zhao XD, Liao L, Zhang SL (2018) Dynamic structural evolution of overlying strata during shallow coal seam longwall mining. Int J Rock Mech Min Sci 103:20–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wu ZY, Niu QH, Li WP, Lin NH, Liu SL (2018) Ground stability evaluation of a coal-mining area: a case study of Yingshouyingzi mining area, China. J Geophys Eng 15(5):2252–2265CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Yuan L, Zhang T, Zhao Y, Ren B, Hao X, Chao XU (2017) Precise coordinated mining of coal and associated resources: a case of environmental coordinated mining of coal and associated rare metal in ordos basin. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology 46(3):449–459 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  32. Zhang ZF, Liu T, Guo AL (2010) Analysis of Geological Disasters at the Coal Mining Area in North of Xianyang. Ground Water 32(1):135–137 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  33. Zhang ZJ, Wang C, Tang YX, Zhang H, Fu QY (2015) Analysis of ground subsidence at a coal-mining area in Huainan using time-series InSAR. Int J Remote Sens 36(23):5790–5810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zhao CY, Zhang Q, Ding XL (2009) Monitoring of land subsidence and ground fissures in Xian, China 2005-2006: Mapped by SAR Interferometry. Environ Geol 58(7):1533–1540CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Zhao HJ, Ma FS, Zhang YM, Guo J (2013) Monitoring and mechanisms of ground deformation and ground fissures induced by cut-and-fill mining in the Jinchuan Mine 2, China. Environ Earth Sci 68(7):1903–1911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Zhao HB, Li HH, Wang ZW (2015) Experimental study on micro-cracks evolution characteristics of key rock unit of slope potential slip surface and analysis on slope slip mechanism. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering 34(5):935–944 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  37. Zhou D, Wu K, Li L, Diao X, Kong X (2016) A new methodology for studying the spreading process of mining subsidence in rock mass and alluvial soil: an example from the Huainan coal mine, China. Bull Eng Geol Environ 75:1067–1087CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Zhou B, Wu JM, Wang JF, Wu YG (2018) Surface-based radon detection to identify spontaneous combustion areas in small abandoned coal mine gobs: Case study of a small coal mine in China. Process Safe Environ 119:223–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Zhu GH, Lian DJ (2012) Analysis on mining-induced cumulative effective of surface cracks in mining areas. Journal of Safety Science and Technology 8(5):47–51 (in Chinese)Google Scholar
  40. Zhu HZ, He FL, Fan YQ (2018a) Development Mechanism of mining-induced ground fissure for shallow burial coal seam in the mountainous area of Southwestern China: a case study. Acta GeodynGeomater 15(4):349–362Google Scholar
  41. Zhu HZ, He FL, Zhang SB, Yang ZQ (2018b) An integrated treatment technology for ground fissures of shallow coal seam mining in the mountainous area of southwestern China: a typical case study. GospodSurowcami Min 34(1):119–137Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anhui Province Engineering Laboratory for Mine Ecological Remediation, School of Resources and Environmental EngineeringAnhui UniversityHefeiChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Coal Resources and Safe MiningChina University of Mining and TechnologyXuzhouChina
  3. 3.School of Mining and GeomaticsHebei University of EngineeringHandanChina

Personalised recommendations