Sensitivity analysis of toppling deformation for interbedded anti-inclined rock slopes based on the Grey relation method

  • Yibing Ning
  • Huiming TangEmail author
  • Fei Wang
  • Guangcheng Zhang
Original Paper


Toppling deformations generally develop in interbedded anti-inclined rock slopes in the upper reaches of the Yalong River in southwest China. With the characteristics of large scales, strong deformation degrees and complex deformation modes, toppling bodies may eventually lead to instability failure in the form of landslides, which seriously threaten the construction and operation of hydropower stations in the basin. Taking three typical examples of toppling failures for interbedded anti-inclined rock slopes in the basin, the sensitivity analysis of 19 impact factors affecting the toppling deformation of this type of slope is obtained via the Grey correlation method and UDEC. The results show that the geometric parameters represented by slope angles are the most sensitive to toppling deformation, the mechanical parameters of joints are more sensitive to toppling deformation than the physical and mechanical parameters of intact rocks, and the sensitivities of the parameters of sandstone and slate gradually converge in the deformation process.


Interbedded anti-inclined rock slopes Toppling Grey relational analysis Sensitivity 



This research is supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFC1501305) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41877263).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yibing Ning
    • 1
  • Huiming Tang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Fei Wang
    • 1
  • Guangcheng Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringChina University of Geosciences (Wuhan)WuhanChina
  2. 2.Three Gorges Research Center for GeohazardsMinistry of EducationWuhanChina

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