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Landslide susceptibility mapping of the Sea to Sky transportation corridor, British Columbia, Canada: comparison of two methods

  • A. Blais-Stevens
  • P. Behnia
  • M. Kremer
  • A. Page
  • R. Kung
  • G. Bonham-Carter
Original Paper

Abstract

The Sea to Sky corridor stretches over a distance of 135 km into British Columbia’s Coast Mountains. The corridor has witnessed hundreds of historical and pre-historic landslides. In the last 154 years, 155 landslide events have been reported. The most common types of landslides are rockfalls and debris flows, which are small in volume, but can be quite damaging. These are more abundant in the southern part of the corridor where infrastructure is built close to steep slopes. Two different methods were adapted to create debris flow and rockfall/rock slide susceptibility maps. Both qualitative heuristic and fuzzy logic susceptibility maps showed a similar distribution of susceptibility zones, especially high susceptibility. Correlation of high susceptibility zones with occurrence of historical and mapped geological landslide events was very good. Success rate curves were calculated for extrapolated zones of initiation for debris flow and rockfall/rock slide deposits. Success rate curves were better for debris flow than rockfall/rockslide maps.

Keywords

Landslide susceptibility Fuzzy logic method Qualitative heuristic method Rockfalls/slides Debris flows Sea to Sky corridor British Columbia 

Résumé

Le corridor Sea to Sky s’étend sur une distance de 135 km dans les montagnes de la chaîne côtière de la Colombie-Britannique. Le couloir a vu des centaines de glissements de terrain historiques et préhistoriques. Dans les 154 dernières années, 155 glissements de terrain ont été signalés. Les types les plus communs de glissements de terrain sont les chutes de pierre et les coulées de débris, qui sont faibles en volume, mais peuvent être très dommageables. Ceux-ci sont plus abondants dans la partie sud du couloir où les infrastructures sont construites à proximité de pentes abruptes. Deux méthodes différentes ont été adaptées pour créer des cartes de zones susceptibles aux coulées de débris et aux chutes de pierres/glissements rocheux. Les deux méthodes, qualitative heuristique et logique floue démontrent une distribution similaire de zones de susceptibilité, en particulier les zones de haute susceptibilité. La corrélation avec les zones de haute susceptibilité et les glissements de terrain historiques et cartographiés est très bonne. Les courbes de taux de réussite ont été calculées pour les zones d’initiation extrapolées de coulées de débris et de chutes de pierre/glissements rocheux. Les courbes de taux de réussite sont plus élevées pour les cartes de zones susceptibles aux coulées de débris que celles aux chutes pierre/glissements rocheux.

Mots clés

Zone susceptible aux glissements de terrain méthode logique floue méthode qualitative heuristique chute de pierre/glissement rocheux coulées de débris corridor Sea to Sky Colombie-Britannique 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This project was initially funded by Natural Resources Canada Climate Change Action Fund (769A). It was also funded by the Geological Survey of Canada’s Public Safety Geoscience Program as an activity within the Targeted Hazard Assessment in Western Canada project. T. Millard and M. Geertsema from BC Ministry of Forests and Range provided digital topographic data (TRIM data). T. Barry, S. Denny, K.Shimamura and M.Goldring are thanked for their technical assistance and drafting of some figures. O. Hungr is also thanked for providing the photo of Charles Creek debris flow deposit. F. Baumann, O. Hungr, and J. Clague are acknowledged for introducing the first author to the Sea to Sky corridor’s natural hazards. We are grateful to R. Couture and two anonymous reviewers for providing useful comments and suggestions. ESS Contribution number 20110029.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Blais-Stevens
    • 1
  • P. Behnia
    • 1
  • M. Kremer
    • 1
  • A. Page
    • 1
  • R. Kung
    • 2
  • G. Bonham-Carter
    • 1
  1. 1.Geological Survey of CanadaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Geological Survey of CanadaSidneyCanada

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