Molecules and Cells

, Volume 35, Issue 4, pp 348–354 | Cite as

Acteoside improves survival in cecal ligation and puncture-induced septic mice via blocking of high mobility group box 1 release

  • Eun Sun Seo
  • Bo Kang Oh
  • Jhang Ho Pak
  • Soon-Ho Yim
  • Sangilyandi Gurunathan
  • Young-Pil Kim
  • Kyung Jin LeeEmail author
Research Article


Acteoside, an active phenylethanoid glycoside, has been used traditionally as an anti-inflammatory agent. The molecular mechanism by which acteoside reduces inflammation was investigated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced Raw264.7 cells and in a mouse model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis. In vitro, acteoside inhibits high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) release and iNOS/NO production and induces heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in a concentration-dependent manner, while HO-1 siRNA antagonizes the inhibition of HMGB1 and NO. The effect of acteoside is inhibited by the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor SB203580 and Nfr2 siRNA, indicating that acteoside induces HO-1 via p38 MAPK and NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). In vivo, acteoside increases survival and decreases serum and lung HMGB1 levels in CLP-induced sepsis. Overall, these results that acteoside reduces HMGB1 release and may be beneficial for the treatment of sepsis.


acteoside heme oxygenase 1 high-mobility group box 1 nrf2 p38 Raw264.7 cell sepsis 


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Copyright information

© The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology and Springer Netherlands 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eun Sun Seo
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bo Kang Oh
    • 1
  • Jhang Ho Pak
    • 1
  • Soon-Ho Yim
    • 1
  • Sangilyandi Gurunathan
    • 3
  • Young-Pil Kim
    • 4
  • Kyung Jin Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical CenterSeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of OptometryDong Shin UniversityNajuKorea
  3. 3.Department of Animal BiotechnologyKonkuk UniversitySeoulKorea
  4. 4.Department of Life ScienceHanyang UniversitySeoulKorea

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