Virtual Reality

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 119–133 | Cite as

Factors influencing flow of object focussed collaboration in collaborative virtual environments

  • David RobertsEmail author
  • Ilona Heldal
  • Oliver Otto
  • Robin Wolff
Original Article


Creativity is believed to be helped by an uncluttered state of mind known as flow and as the trend grows towards less immersive displays to produce an uncluttered workplace, we ask the question “Does immersion matter to the flow of distributed group work?”. The aim of this work is to study the impact of level of immersion on workflow and presence during object focussed distributed group work, and to discuss the relevance of these and other factors to supporting flow and creativity. This is approached through a comprehensive literature survey and significant new results. The study attempts to introduce a breadth of factors and relationships as opposed to proving a hypothesis and thus takes a wide qualitative rather than deep quantitative approach to testing and analysis.


Task Performance Video Conferencing Object Manipulation Subjective Impression Head Mount Display 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We would like to thank Anthony Steed from UCL and Ralph Schroeder from the Oxford Internet Institute for many valuable discussions and experimentation that led up to this work. HEFCE for funding the infrastructure used at Salford in these tests and for funding new infrastructure to support the future work on integration of modular multi-modal display displays and 3D reconstruction. We would also like to thank EPSRC for funding the further work into communicational eye-gaze.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Roberts
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ilona Heldal
    • 2
  • Oliver Otto
    • 1
  • Robin Wolff
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of SalfordSalfordUK
  2. 2.Chalmers UniversityGothenburgSweden

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