Determination of the helium-4 mass in a Penning trap
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We have measured the cyclotron frequencies of He+, H+2 and D+2 ions in a room temperature Penning trap. The resonances were detected destructively by a time-of-flight technique. The statistical uncertainty of the resonance frequencies was generally below 1 ppb. A detailed account of measures to minimize systematic frequency shift is presented. Using the accepted values for the proton and deuteron mass we obtain a value for the 4He mass: M(4He) = 4.0026032489(22) (0.5 ppb). It is in agreement with the accepted value.
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